America & Great Britain in Prophecy


Special Commentary – The United States and Great Britain in Prophecy

Excerpts From:

The United States and Great Britain in Prophecy
By John H. Ogwyn

What does the future hold for the world’s English-speaking peoples? What really is on the horizon for the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand? Heads of government do not know. Leading analysts of foreign affairs do not know. Neither do the overwhelming majority of editors and newscasters. But you can know!
Astounding? Absolutely, but it is true!

How can you know? The answers to the really big questions in life, including the very future itself, are contained in the world’s perennial best-seller, the Bible. More than a quarter of the Bible is prophecy, mostly for our day and beyond.

How can you understand these prophecies? Perhaps the most vital key to unlocking the mystery of Bible prophecy is the one you will see revealed right here in the pages.
These are a shadow of what was to come; the substance is the Messiah. Colossians 2:17 …things to come—the blessings of the covenant, the substance of which, were but a type. Compare “ages to come,” that is, the Gospel dispensation (Eph 2:7). Heb 2:5, “the world to come.”

…the body is of Christ—The real substance (of the blessings typified) belongs to Christ (Heb 8:5; 10:1).

Nations such as Egypt and Ethiopia are directly mentioned in your Bible. What about the big nations that are major players on the modern world scene? Could it be possible that end-time prophecies would ignore the United States and Great Britain, and the British-descended peoples of the Commonwealth countries?

The vital key to unlocking many Bible prophecies is the knowledge of the real identity of the English-speaking peoples. These peoples are identified in the Bible by the name of their ancient ancestor. Who is that ancient ancestor, and can you prove it?

Why have the British-descended nations come to possess the richest portions of the globe? Why have they enjoyed wealth and power without parallel? Rising quickly to prominence after the year 1800, Great Britain and the United States have clearly dominated the 19th and 20th centuries. But what about the 21st century? Will the English-speaking nations continue to play a leading role, or is a change ahead? It is vital that what the future holds is understood. The events of the next few years will absolutely confound the experts. But you can know if you understand how to use the lost master key to understanding prophecy.

Though much has been written about Bible prophecy in recent years, most of these works have been fatally flawed, because writers have not known the master key to Bible prophecy!

Simply put, most Old Testament prophecies are directed at the House of Israel. Supposing erroneously that all the references to Israel in prophecy mean the Jewish people and the Jewish state in the Middle East, most Bible commentators have completely missed the point. They do not know the modern-day identity of the descendants of ancient Israel. Yet they could know, for the records of both history and scripture are very clear.

While the Jewish state and the city of Jerusalem do certainly play an important role in end-time prophecies, not all Israelites are Jews. The ancient patriarch Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel, was the father of 12 sons. One of those sons, Judah, was the progenitor of the Jewish people. What happened to the descendants of the other sons?

When the 12 tribes returned to the Promised Land after their Egyptian captivity, each settled in a different region. Eventually, the tribes split into two kingdoms after Solomon’s idolitry and sorcery commmitted in his later life, having to do with his love for his pagan wive who were princesses from neighboring kingdoms. Pharoah’s daughter having been his first wife, who he had built an idolitrous temple for her religious worship, which he had been in full complicity with her and headed for her with his complete involvement because of his love of these ungodly women. Or should it be said rather, women who served other gods and goddesses. Solomon having been previously blessed by God, the word of God warning him about the abomination went unheaded with the result of the word of God having been borne out on his son, Rehaboam who was his successor to the throne upon his death. The great majority of the kingdom was rent from him leaving only a shadow of the kingdom of his father in a greatly diminished capacity of rulership of Judah. 1 Kings…With his gift of wisdom,,,how could he of all people start worshipping other gods?
1 Kings 11
That was a shocking turn of events regarding Solomon’s decline snd demise that became a stunning upset for his son of the ammonite princess ironically named, Rəḥaḇʻām ; meaning “he who enlarges the people.
Solomon’s many wives and concubines turned his heart away from God, and got him to worship their goddesses and foriegn false gods… His having 1,000’s of women he loved led to his compromising his love of God. He had many foreign paganistic wives which translated into many strange dieties and practices that alienated his heart..

The succession of Rehoboam to the throne of Israel was confirmed at the Assembly of Israel at Shechem in c. 930 BC. This site had figured in the history of Israel since the Covenant renewal ceremony instituted by Joshua at the beginning of the Conquest of Canaan [Joshua 24:1]. Shechem, about 35 miles north of Jerusalem, may well have been chosen as the site of the investiture of the king for this very reason.

Who is it, when hearing of this change in government, returned to Israel to make trouble for the son as he had made trouble or the father? 1 Kings 11:26-40.

Answer: Jeroboam, an ambitious prince of the tribe of Ephraim, a descendant of Joseph.

1 Kings 12:12-20: The Northern Kingdom – Israel

Led by Jeroboam, prince of Ephraim, what petition do the 12 tribes take to the new king?

It was the old question of relief from the burden of taxes! Jeroboam probably saw this problem as an excellent opportunity to claim the prophecy of the prophet in 1 Kings 11: 34-39 when he was promised kingship over Israel.

How does Rehoboam respond to the request for tax relief?

He does not consult Yahweh; instead he seeks the advice of the elders of Israel, which he rejects, and the poor advice of his young friends. Instead of relieving the tax burden on the people he decides to increase the burden in an attempt to portray himself as a strong leader. It is interesting that often weak leaders mistakenly believe that unreasonable and inflexible behavior constitutes strength and leadership. King Saul was also guilty of such weakness in leading the community of Israel.

What happens as a result of Rehoboam’s inflexibility and harshness, The United Monarchy of Israel splits into 2 kingdoms: Israel in the North, consisting of 10 of the 12 tribes with Ephriam being the largest and Judah in the South, consisting of only of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, Judah being the largest. Thus, the names of the largest tribes were used euphamistically for the kingdoms. Jerusalem will remain the capital of the Southern Kingdom of Judah with Rehoboam as her king, but the 10 tribes elect Jeroboam, prince of Ephraim as king of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Shechem will become the first capital of the Northern Kingdom but later the capital will be moved to the city of Samaria. The kingdoms were divided at the northern end of the Dead Sea.

This episode marks a division of the nation of Israel that lasted 3,877 years! The united nation Israel ceased to exist and would not be reestablished as a unified people until 1947 when the United Nations voted the creation of a new Jewish nation of Israel and a new Arab-Palestinian nation of Jordan from the lands the British held as a protectorate after the fall of the old Ottoman Empire.

The southern kingdom, called Judah, consisted of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin and most of the Levites. The remaining ten tribes formed the northern kingdom, called Israel.

In 721bc, after a three-year siege, the Assyrians conquered Samaria, Israel’s capital. They began a systematic deportation of the Israelites to the area north of the Euphrates River, in the area between the Black and Caspian Seas (2 Kings 17).

After swallowing Israel, the Assyrians later advanced into Judah, the southern kingdom. King Hezekiah, on the throne in Jerusalem at the time, cried out to God in a heartfelt way, and God intervened by sending an angel to destroy the Assyrian army of King Sennacherib in 701bc. Judah, thus spared, continued on for about a century before her independence was again threatened.

Then, in 604bc, the Babylonians under King Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judah and advanced on Jerusalem. Judah was made a tributary state within the Babylonian Empire. Returning again in 597bc, Nebuchadnezzar took Judah’s King Jehoiakim into captivity and placed Zedekiah upon the throne. Dissatisfied with Zedekiah’s behavior, King Nebuchadnezzar returned approximately ten years later and completely destroyed Jerusalem, burning the temple and taking most of the Jewish population into captivity in Babylon.

Decades passed. Finally, in the fall of 539bc, Babylon fell to the Persian armies of Cyrus the Great. Within a short time, Cyrus issued a decree allowing the Jews to return from Babylon and to rebuild their temple in Jerusalem under the leadership of Zerubbabel.

The “Lost” Ten Tribes
However, and here is the crucial point that most seem to overlook: The northern ten tribes never returned from their captivity! Settled in an area hundreds of miles from where the Jews were taken more than a century later, the ten tribes of Israel remained completely separate and distinct from the Jews.

What happened to the ten tribes of Israel? History has called them the “lost ten tribes.” Where did they go? The answer to that question is one of history’s most fascinating stories. In fact, the answer to that mystery is the actual key that unlocks most of the Old Testament prophecies!

As you may guess, the identity and location of these ancient peoples reveals who those are in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand and among the British-descended peoples of South Africa. It explains why these people have achieved such national greatness, and what will culminate near the end of this present age!

The knowledge of the identity of the descendants of ancient Israel is revealed by a close examination of scripture together with the record of secular history. The most highly educated leaders of our modern world are blind to the true facts of this matter. They are blinded by the theory of evolution into completely discounting the Bible as relevant for today. As a result, they fail to see the amazing story laid out in scripture and its relevance for our future.

But it is not just a question of ancient history! Your future, your family’s future, as well as the future of your nations hangs on the answer! Where are the “lost ten tribes” of Israel today? As we shall see, this lost master key to unlocking Bible prophecy has been found!

Ezekiel’s Dramatic Vision –

A young Jewish captive stood on a riverbank near the southern Mesopotamian city of Babylon. He had been among the thousands of Jews removed from their homeland more than four years earlier by the conquering Babylonian armies under King Nebuchadnezzar.

At age 30, in his fifth year of exile, Ezekiel the priest looked up to behold a remarkable sight. At first it looked like a whirlwind approaching from the northern horizon. Looking intently, he saw that this was no ordinary approaching storm. Brilliant flashes of light emanated from the “whirlwind.” Seeing an increasing glow of light as the “storm” approached, Ezekiel began to identify details within this remarkable whirlwind.

First he saw four strange-looking angelic creatures. They had the general shape of men, but each possessed four wings and four faces. As he continued to stare, Ezekiel noticed gyroscope-like wheels next to each of these creatures. Then he noticed a great crystalline expanse stretched over their heads.

As the whole apparatus came ever closer, Ezekiel was able to discern a brilliant glow of light from above the crystalline expanse. Within this light he could make out the shape of a throne and of a glorious Being seated upon that throne. This, we are told, “was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord” (Ezekiel 1:28). At this point, Ezekiel simply fell upon his face.

Suddenly a voice came forth from the throne and told Ezekiel to stand up. The God of Israel proceeded to give him a commission. He was being set as a watchman for the House of Israel (Ezekiel 2:3; 33:7).

This awesome display of glory and majesty deeply impressed Ezekiel with the importance of his task since, for God to reveal Himself in such a dramatic way, there must have been a very important purpose indeed.

Ezekiel’s Commission –

Notice that Ezekiel’s commission set him as a watchman not to his own people (the House of Judah), but to the northern ten tribes of the House of Israel! Judah was then only partially in captivity; the destruction of Jerusalem itself lay several years in the future. But the House of Israel had been transported into a strange land, hundreds of miles from Ezekiel, more than 120 years before. What would be the point of warning those people, already captive, of impending invasion and captivity?

Clearly, Ezekiel’s message was not for the Israel of his day! God was not more than a century late in warning them of future punishment! That would make no sense at all. Besides, Ezekiel never had a chance to deliver his message in person to the House of Israel. We thus can see that his message was for the end time, and was written down and preserved for delivery by God’s faithful servants today!

God commissioned Ezekiel to be a watchman. What exactly is a watchman? In ancient times it was customary to place someone in a high tower atop the city wall to serve as lookout when danger threatened. It was the watchman’s job to be alert and vigilant, ever scanning the horizon for signs of an approaching enemy. When he saw evidence of an enemy’s approach, the watchman was to sound a trumpet of alarm.

In the same way, God impressed upon Ezekiel that if he did not sound the alarm God gave him, and calamities overtook the people unaware, God would require their blood at his hands. If, on the other hand, he sounded the alarms but the people failed to respond, they would bear the responsibility themselves and Ezekiel would be guiltless (Ezekiel 33:9).

The House of Israel in Ezekiel’s day was already in captivity. The generation that suffered the captivity had received a final warning more than a century earlier by the emissaries of faithful King Hezekiah of Judah (2 Chronicles 30:1–12). Only a few responded; the nation as a whole laughed the warnings to scorn, and Israel went completely into captivity. Now, more than a century later, Ezekiel was given a similar message of vital importance.

The events that would occur in Jerusalem and Judah were to be a “sign” to the House of Israel (Ezekiel 4:3). Ezekiel’s warnings were for end-time Israel. In fact, we are told that the warnings are to be heard near the time of the day of the Lord (Ezekiel 7:19; 13:5; 30:1–3), the time of God’s intervention at the end of this age. Other prophecies in Ezekiel point to the regathering after the coming of the Messiah who will be a king forever on the throne of David. David having been a shadow type of Christ. (Ezekiel 37:21–25). These are a shadow of what was to come; the substance is the Messiah. Colossians 2:17
Clearly Christ is on the Throne in heaven as King of Kings who comes in on a white horse and defeats the Dragon. This will take place after the resurrection of the saints and the Millenium wedding party that is like a Honeymoon period. A time prophesied to occur at Jesus Christ’s return to this earth in power and glory (1 Corinthians 15:50–53; 1 Thessalonians 4:16).

Ezekiel’s dramatic vision has great meaning for us today. It impresses us with the seriousness and importance of the commission God had for him. Recognizing this, it is vital to understand clearly the whereabouts in today’s world of the descendants of the ancient House of Israel. Once we understand their identity, we must share with them the contents of Ezekiel’s urgent message.

Ezekiel’s message is a message of indictment for sin, a call to repentance, and a promise of future deliverance and restoration. While on the one hand it is a message of dire warning of God’s impending judgment, it is on the other hand a message of glorious hope for the future. In fact, it contains the only real hope there is for our nations. The English-speaking nations have lost their moral compass and have seemingly lost their way in the world. Beset with serious problems and challenges at home and abroad, these peoples lack both the wisdom and the will to respond.

Having fallen from the pinnacle of world power at the close of World War II, the American and British peoples have seen increasing challenges in the post-war world. But worse than the challenges on the world scene, has been the moral slide from within. In the midst of material prosperity are the trappings beset with moral poverty! There are challenges that lie ahead in the immediate future of which the leaders and people do not even dream.

How can you know for sure that the Bible prophecies relating to Israel relate primarily to the American and British peoples? What do those prophecies really portend for your future?

Ancient Promises Are Made
In Genesis 11:26–32 we are introduced to Abram, whose name was later changed to Abraham. The rest of the Bible is an outgrowth of God’s dealings with him and the promises He made to Abraham and to his descendants. The promises to Abraham are the basis of nearly all future Bible prophecies!

Abram was born into a family that lived in Ur of the Chaldees, a city in southern Mesopotamia near ancient Babylon. After the death of one of his brothers, Abram, his father, and other family members moved a few hundred miles to the northern Euphrates city of Haran. A while after that, Abram’s father, Terah, died and was buried. In the aftermath, God told Abram, then age 75, to leave the remainder of his family and to go to a land that He would show him. He promised to make him a great nation because he had responded to God looking on all the earth for a man who would accept him by relating to him as an intimate friend and submitting his will to God’s leading through believing in him. The Gentiles are spliced into the covenant when they accept and believe the fulfillment of Jesus Christ as their personal atonement for the consequences of sin and develop the loving friendship with Christ as Abraham was a shadow and/or pattern of the things to come.

The promise first given in Genesis 12 is quite vague. It simply consists of an undefined land that Abram and his family would afterward be given for an inheritance. Throughout the remainder of Genesis we read a remarkable story of the unfolding of the promises made by God.

The Unfolding Promise to Abraham-

In Genesis 12:1–3 we have record of the first promises that God made to Abram. God told him that He would make of him “a great nation,” that he would be blessed and that through him all nations would be blessed, and that God would “bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you” (v. 3).

After Abram and his wife, along with his nephew Lot, came into the land of Canaan, an incident occurred which led God to further clarify the promises. Abram and Lot both had large herds and flocks and strife had arisen between their herdsmen over grazing rights. Abram settled the issue by offering Lot his choice of grazing land. Lot chose to cross the Jordan River and to graze his herds in the plain of Jordan, near the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.

In the aftermath of the separation between the two, God reiterated to Abram the promises. “And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him: ‘Lift your eyes now and look from the place where you are northward, southward, eastward, and westward; for all the land which you see I give to you and your descendants forever. And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if a man could number the dust of the earth, then your descendants also could be numbered” (13:14–16). In Genesis 15 this promise is further amplified. Abram was told that his descendants would be like the number of the stars (v. 5). He was also given the boundaries of his inheritance in the Middle East. In verses 18–21 Abram was told that the land God was giving to his descendants would stretch from the river of Egypt all the way to the Euphrates and include the territory of several peoples who were currently occupying the land.

Father of Many Nations
Abram and his wife Sarai were both advancing in years and had not been able to have children. Yet God had told him that he would have descendants who would inherit a land. For 24 years after they left Haran, Abram and Sarai waited and pondered these promises. Finally, when he was 99 years old, God appeared to Abram once again.

In Genesis 17:6, God promised: “I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you.” At this point Abram also learned that he would become the father of many nations (v. 4). God told him that He was changing his name to Abraham, meaning the “father of a multitude,” and Sarai’s name to Sarah, meaning “princess.” Within a year, he was told, Sarah would bear him a son (Genesis 17:19; cf. 18:14). Such a thing seemed too incredible for words, but nevertheless it happened just as God said that it would and Isaac was born at the appointed time.

Actually, Abraham had had a son 14 years before Isaac’s birth, but this son Ishmael was not the son of promise. After ten years of waiting on God’s promises, Sarah had encouraged Abraham to take her maid servant Hagar and have a child by her following in the local custom and tradition of the region at the time. He did this and thereby engendered problems and conflicts that have endured to this day.

After Isaac’s birth, Abraham sent Hagar and Ishmael away (Genesis 21:14). Ultimately Ishmael married among his mother’s people, the Egyptians, and had numerous children. Many Arab nations take their origin from Ishmael’s sons.

Years later, God came to Abraham once again, this time to put him to the supreme test of his faith. God, who by this time had been personally dealing with Abraham for decades, told him to take his son Isaac and bring him to the mountains of Moriah to offer him as a sacrifice to God. Responding in faith, Abraham did as God asked and was at the point of offering up his heir and only legitimate son when God interceded and told him to stop, and instead offer a ram caught in a nearby thicket, as a substitute for Isaac.

In the aftermath, God reconfirmed the promises to Abraham as having become unconditional. “Then the Angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time out of heaven, and said: ‘By Myself I have sworn, says the Lord, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son, in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies. In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice” (22:15–18).

There are a couple of key things to notice here. No longer are the promises contingent upon future actions of Abraham and his descendants. Because Abraham has now passed this supreme test of obedience, God has guaranteed the unconditional future fulfillment of His promises.

Additionally, one other detail is now given. Abraham’s descendants would ultimately possess the “gates of their enemies.” A gate is a narrow passage, a means of entrance and exit. This promise means that not only would Abraham’s descendants become many nations, but they would control the means by which their enemies must pass to come and go. The significance of this remarkable promise will be more closely examined later in this discussion..

Promises Both Spiritually and Physically Fulfilled –

“But aren’t all of the promises to Abraham fulfilled in Christ?” some might ask. That is a question that must be answered directly from the Bible.

Clearly, according to Galatians 3:26–29, all true Christians are accounted as spiritual children of Abraham and heirs of the promise. The ultimate fulfillment of God’s blessings upon Abraham include the promise that he and his spiritual offspring would inherit the whole earth (Romans 4:13; cf. Matthew 5:5). Abraham was promised an everlasting inheritance (Genesis 17:8), which certainly presupposes the possession of eternal life!

Obviously there was a spiritual aspect to the promises that God made to Abraham! God’s grace was to be extended to all mankind through the one Seed, Christ (cf. Galatians 3:16). The Messiah, descended from Abraham, would be the One through whom the blessing of salvation from sin and the gift of eternal life would become available to all mankind through God’s grace.

However, there was also a physical aspect to the promises to Abraham. The birthright involved promises of national greatness as well as agricultural and mineral wealth. In Genesis 13:16 Abraham was told by God that He would make his seed number like the dust of the ground. Here, clearly, the reference is to Abraham’s numerous physical descendants who would inherit national greatness and possess the gates of their enemies.

The promises to Abraham include both spiritual and physical components. They point toward Jesus the Messiah, but they also point toward the birthright blessings that would be bestowed upon a multitude of his descendants who would become a great nation and a great company of nations. This does not mean that the recipients of these blessings are any better or more special than those who did not receive the blessings. In fact, we see that those who received the physical blessings have, for the most part, squandered them and turned from God, for which they will have to face His judgment.

Israel’s Beginning –

Many years after the promises were first made, God reconfirmed them to Abraham’s son Isaac. “Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you and bless you; for to you and your descendants I give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father. And I will make your descendants multiply as the stars of heaven; I will give to your descendants all these lands; and in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed; because Abraham obeyed My voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws” (Genesis 26:3–5). The promise to Isaac was based upon Abraham’s obedience to God (cf. v. 24).

Isaac and his wife, Rebecca, had two sons. Jacob and Esau were their names and, in spite of being twins, they were totally different in temperament and character from the very beginning. God had revealed prior to their birth that the older, Esau, was to serve the younger, Jacob (25:23). Yet Jacob, who was a natural wheeler-dealer, was unable to wait for God to give him the birthright blessings. He contrived to trick his father so as to secure this for himself on the timetable he and his mother conceived. God allowed this because it was His purpose for Jacob to receive the promises. Jacob then had to learn some difficult lessons through experience to bring him to repentance.

However, let us notice the birthright blessings that Isaac conferred to Jacob. “Therefore may God give you of the dew of heaven, of the fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine. Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be master over your brethren, and let your mother’s sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be those who bless you!” (27:28–29). Here two details are mentioned for the first time. The first is that Jacob’s descendants would possess great agricultural wealth. The second is that they would obtain rulership over other peoples and nationalities.

After Jacob’s deception of his brother, Isaac and Rebecca told him to travel to the area where his mother’s family lived. There he could find a wife and spend some time until his brother’s anger cooled off. Isaac’s parting words were: “May God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful and multiply you, that you may be an assembly [“multitude,” KJV] of peoples; and give you the blessing of Abraham, to you and your descendants with you, that you may inherit the land in which you are a stranger which God gave to Abraham” (28:3–4).

A short time later, God came to Jacob in a dream and further amplified the promises. In his dream he saw a vast staircase reaching up to heaven and angels ascending and descending. “And behold, the Lord stood above it and said: ‘I am the Lord God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you lie I will give to you and your descendants. Also your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread abroad to the west and east, to the north and the south; and in you and in your seed all of the families of the earth shall be blessed” (28:13–14).

Here, for the first time, we learn that the inheritance God promised to Abraham encompassed more than just the land in the Middle East. Jacob’s descendants were to spread abroad from that inheritance and affect the entire world. Their inheritance would bring them into contact with peoples all over the earth.

The story continues in Genesis and we see the lessons that Jacob learned during the time of his exile from Canaan. Finally, as he returned to his homeland, God met him at a location afterward named Peniel. After Jacob had wrestled all night with the Divine Messenger, God told him: “Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed” (32:28). Jacob-Israel was the father of 12 sons, who were the ancestors of the 12 tribes of Israel.

The promises to Abraham were being passed down from father to son and had gradually been expanded. There is much more yet to come! Abraham had been told that he would produce “many nations” who would achieve national greatness and also that he would give rise to a kingly line. This promise was now divided among two of Jacob’s 12 sons. Notice the clear delineation given in 1 Chronicles 5:1–2: “Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel he was indeed the firstborn, but because he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph, the son of Israel, so that the genealogy is not listed according to the birthright; yet Judah prevailed over his brothers, and from him came a ruler, although the birthright was Joseph’s.”

Judah was clearly given the scepter promise of a line of kings culminating in the Messiah who would be king of kings forever. But take note! The birthright promises of national greatness went not to the Jews, but to the descendants of Joseph. Understanding this is the master key that begins to open up everything else!

Ephraim and Manasseh Receive the Birthright
Let us look further at how the birthright promises were amplified for the descendants of Joseph. An important part of this story occurred a short time before the death of Jacob-Israel. By this time he and his entire family were living in Egypt where Joseph was serving as Administrator directly with Pharaoh. Joseph came to visit his elderly and infirm father and brought with him his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. A little-understood ceremony occurred during this visit.

In Genesis 48:5, Israel informed Joseph that he was adopting Ephraim and Manasseh that they would be counted as his firstborne and therefore be counted among the tribes of Israel. Thus Joseph was given a double portion. After Joseph brought his sons close, Israel embraced them, proceeded to lay hands on them and set them apart for special blessing.

At this time a remarkable event occurred. Joseph had purposely arranged the boys so that the older, Manasseh, was standing on Israel’s right side and the younger, Ephraim, was standing on his left side. This was so that he would place his right hand, signifying the greater blessing, on Manasseh and the left on Ephraim. Israel, however, crossed his hands and put the right hand on Ephraim and the left on Manasseh. When Joseph saw this he tried to correct what he perceived as a mistake on the part of his nearly-blind father. Israel resisted, however, and explained that this crossing of his hands was purposeful.

(Genesis 48 – Jacob Blesses Joseph’s Sons

A. Jacob calls for his sons.

1. (1-4) Jacob’s remembers God’s promise.

Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. And Jacob was told, “Look, your son Joseph is coming to you”; and Israel strengthened himself and sat up on the bed. Then Jacob said to Joseph: “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people, and give this land to your descendants after you as an everlasting possession.’ “

a. God Almighty appeared to me at Luz: Luz is another name for Bethel, where Jacob first met God. Jacob vividly remembered this outstanding encounter with the Lord.

b. Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you: Jacob’s phrasing is reminiscent of exact promises God made to Abraham in Genesis 17 (see Genesis 17:2, 17:6, and 17:8). Abraham was careful to pass down the exact words of God’s covenant with him to the inheritors of the covenant, because the exact words of God were important.

2. (5-6) Jacob adopts Joseph’s sons as his own.

“And now your two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. Your offspring whom you beget after them shall be yours; they will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.”

a. As Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine: Reuben and Simeon were the first and second born of Israel. Jacob received the two sons of Joseph as adopted into the family at the highest level (as if they were the first and second born).

i. And, perhaps, they were something like replacements for Reuben and Simeon, who were in a sense disqualified from positions of status and leadership in Israel’s family because of their sin (Genesis 34:25, 35:22).

b. They shall be mine: Jacob’s adoption of Manasseh and Ephraim explains why there are 12 tribes often listed in different combinations. Because of this adoption, there were actually 13 sons of Israel. The 12 were born, but Joseph was divided into two tribes.

i. Therefore as the tribes are listed through the Old Testament, they can be arranged different ways and still remain 12 tribes. There are more than 20 different ways of listing the tribes in the Old Testament.

ii. As a number, 12 is often associated with government or administration in God’s eyes. There are 12 tribes, 12 apostles, 12 princes of Ishmael, 12 pillars on Moses’ altar, 12 stones on the high priest’s breastplate, 12 cakes of showbread, 12 silver platters, silver bowls, and gold pans for the service of the tabernacle, 12 spies to search out the land, 12 memorial stones, 12 governors under Solomon, 12 stones in Elijah’s altar, 12 in each group of musicians and singers for Israel’s worship, 12 hours in a day, 12 months in a year, 12 Ephesian men filled with the Holy Spirit, 12,000 from 12 tribes sealed and preserved through the tribulation, heaven has 12 gates of 12 pearls, and 12 angels at the gates, the New Jerusalem has 12 foundations, each with the names of the 12 apostles of the Lamb, it’s length, breadth, and height are all 12,000 furlongs, and the tree of life in heaven has 12 fruits. So it is that in Revelatation 7:5), when twelve thousand people are sealed from each tribe, The number 12 is of special note.

3. (7) Jacob concludes his testimony with an eye to his soon death.

“But as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

B. Jacob blesses Manasseh and Ephraim.

1. (8-12) Jacob calls for Joseph’s sons, to bless them.

Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?” And Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.” And he said, “Please bring them to me, and I will bless them.” Now the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them near him, and he kissed them and embraced them. And Israel said to Joseph, “I had not thought to see your face; but in fact, God has also shown me your offspring!” So Joseph brought them from beside his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth.

a. These are my sons, whom God has given me in this place: We remember that the names of Joseph’s sons were Manasseh (the firstborn) and Ephraim (the younger). The name Manasseh means forgetfulness, and the name Ephraim means fruitfulness (Genesis 41:51-52).

b. He bowed down with his face to the earth: Joseph lived his own life as the highest official next to Pharoah of Egypt for many years, and had no contact with his father during that time. Yet it did not diminish the love and reverence he had towards his father and the Gid of his father.

2. (13-14) Jacob puts the favored hand on the second-born, despite Joseph’s efforts.

And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near him. Then Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands knowingly, for Manasseh was the firstborn.

a. Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand: The right hand in the Bible always has the idea of the favored position because generally speaking, the right hand is the hand of strength and skill.

i. The right hand is associated with God’s strength (Exodus 15:6), favor (Psalm 16:11), and help (Psalm 20:6). This is why Jesus is described as sitting at the right hand of God the Father (Mark 14:62).

b. Guiding his hands knowingly: Israel knew exactly what he intended to do. He deliberately chose the second-born to receive a greater blessing than the firstborn.

3. (15-16) The blessing of Jacob upon Manasseh and Ephraim.

And he blessed Joseph, and said: “God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has fed me all my life long to this day, the Angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; let my name be named upon them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”

a. And he blessed Joseph: Israel gave the same blessing to both sons, but the son of the right hand received a greater proportion of the blessing.

i. This was fulfilled in Israel’s history. Both tribes were blessed, but Ephraim was greater as a tribe, even to the point where the name Ephraim was used to refer to the whole northern nation of Israel (see examples in Isaiah 7:8, 7:17, and 11:13).

b. The God who has fed me all my life long to this day: Jacob’s testimony was a testimony of grace, not personal merit. He did not say how faithful he was to God, but how faithful God was to him.

i. The phrase, “the God who has fed me” is literally “The God who has shepherded me.” This is the first mention in the Bible of God as a shepherd to His people.

4. (17-20) Jacob answers Joseph’s objection about the order of blessing.

Now when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; so he took hold of his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.” But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations.” So he blessed them that day, saying, “By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ “ And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

a. This one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head: As the two sons of Joseph stood before Israel, the older (Manasseh) was before Israel’s right hand and the younger (Ephraim) was before Israel’s left hand. Joseph positioned them intentionally so the older could receive the right hand blessing according to custom. Yet Isaac deliberately crossed his hands and put his right hand on Ephraim’s head and his left hand on Manasseh’s head.

b. For this one is the firstborn…truly his younger brother shall be greater than he: Ephraim was not the firstborn but God chose him to take the position of firstborn. Jeremiah 31:9 described this: For I am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn (Jeremiah 31:9).

i. This shows how the idea of firstborn in the Bible is often a position of pre-eminence, not necessarily meaning “first out of the womb.”

ii. David had the position of firstborn, even though he was the youngest son (1 Samuel 16:11 and Psalm 89:27).

iii. Jesus has the pre-eminent position of firstborn (Colossians 1:15), though this does not mean Jesus was literally the first “born” creature of God, because Jesus was not created.

5. (21-22) Jacob makes a personal bequest to Joseph.

Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers. Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.”

a. Behold, I am dying: This was truly a passing of the torch from Israel to Joseph. Israel was the last of the three great patriarchs to pass from the scene.

i. “If Abraham dies, there is Isaac; and if Isaac dies, there is Jacob; and if Jacob dies, there is Joseph; and if Joseph dies, Ephraim and Manasseh survive. The Lord shall never lack a champion to bear his standard high among the sons of men. Only let us pray God to raise up more faithful ministers day and night. We have plenty of a sort, but, oh, for more that will weigh out sixteen ounces to the pound of gospel in such a way that people will receive it. We have too much of fine language, too much of florid eloquence, and little full and plain gospel preaching, but God will keep up the apostolic succession, never fear of that. When Stephen is dying, Paul is not far off. When Elijah is taken up, he leaves his mantle behind him.” (Spurgeon)

b. One portion above your brothers: This referred to Joseph being father of two tribes, while each of his brothers only fathered one.

c. Which I took from the hand of the Amorite: Apparently, while still in Canaan, Jacob battled for control of a portion of land from the Amorites, and he deeded the land to Joseph and his descendants. The descendants of Joseph would take this land some 400 years later.

d. God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers: This completed a wonderful work regarding Jacob’s recognition of God’s presence his life.

· I am with you (Genesis 28:15): God gives the young believer every possible assurance of His presence and grace

· I will be with you (Genesis 31:3): God expects the growing believer to trust He will be with us, even when we only have the promise of His presence

· God…has been with me (Genesis 31:5): God gives a glorious testimony to the mature believer, able to say how God has been with us.

· God will be with you (Genesis 48:21).

C. Joseph as a picture or shadow type of Jesus (list continued from the end of Genesis 41).

35. His brethren were driven out of their own land.
36. In his second appearing, he did not first go to his brothers; they came to him.
37. He knew his brethren even while unknown and unrecognized by them.
38. He blessed his brethren without their knowledge.
39. He wanted all of his brethren to come to him.
40. There was a significant time gap between his initial relationship with his brothers and his second relationship to his brothers.
41. He his brothers a way of deliverance through substitution.
42. His “second coming” to his brothers had two appearances. He made himself known to his brethren at his second appearing to them.
43. He was revealed as a man of compassion.
44. His brothers repented of rejecting him, with great wonder and tears.
45. He allowed no fellowship (as in eating together) until his brothers repented and he revealed himself.
46. His brethren went forth to proclaim his glory.
47. He made provision for his brethren.
48. He prepared a place for his brethren, and he received them into it.
49. He brought Jew and Gentile together in the land.

50. He was brought to sojourn in Egypt to live for a portion of his youth.

©2013 David Guzik)

THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL

THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL

The twelve tribes of Israel are the descendants of Jacob’s twelve sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin. Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel (Genesis 32:28; 49:2), called for his son Joseph and told him he was dying, but God would be with him and bring him back to the land of his fathers (Genesis 48:21). So before Jacob’s death he blessed his twelve sons (Genesis 49:1-28).

Although there were twelve sons, thirteen different tribes are referenced to in Scripture because Joseph’s two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, were adopted and blessed by Jacob in (Genesis 48:5). So instead of speaking about a tribe of Joseph,” the Bible more often speaks of the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim. There are, however occasions when the tribe of Joseph is referenced, such as (Ezekiel 47:13, and ( Revelation 7:8).

Tribal heritage was important in ancient Israel. Examples in the New Testament would include Jesus, whose genealogy is given in Matthew 1, and the apostle Paul, who mentions that he is of the tribe of Benjamin. Even today in modern Israel, there are many Jews who take pride in identifying their family lineage and which tribe they belong to.

RENBEN

Reuben was the eldest son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29:32; 46:8) and forefather of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Reuben usually receives the the place of honor in lists of the tribes, being named first (Numbers 13: 4). Similarly, in lists of the two in a half tribes residing east of the Jordan, Reuben is always mentioned first (Joshua 1: 12), though Gad seems to have held a larger portion of land.

Because of Reuben sin his father prophesied that his preeminence among his brothers would disappear (Genesis 49: 4). In spite of the prayer of (Deuteronomy 33: 6), this disaster did overtake the tribe in later years. In desert days, Reuben’s tribal chief appears with all the others (Numbers 1: 5), and a spy goes forth from Reuben as with the other tribes (Genesis13: 4). Only the spies of Ephraim (Joshua) and Judah (Caleb) are faithful (Numbers 14: 6), but Reuben appears no worse than his brothers tribes: All were equal in unbelief.

Although living east of the Jordan, and separated from their brothers by what was sometimes an insuperable natural obstacle, they had no desire to form an independent state. They showed this by building a great memorial altar at the spot where they crossed the Jordan on their way home (Joshua 22:10). Reuben was rich in herds of cattle (Numbers 32: 1) and was presumably a powerful tribe. Reuben does not appear again until the time of Deborah the prophetess. When the clans of Israel rallied to God’s call under Barak to fight Sisera the Canaanite, Reuben did not respond. Reuben has not changed; the tribe, like its ancestor, was still ”unstable as water” (Genesis 49: 4). Indeed, although Reuben finds his place in the list of the redeemed in Revelation (Revelation 7: 5).

SIMEON

Simeon was the second of Jacob’s twelve sons (Genesis 35:23; 1st Chronicles 2:10) and the second son born to him by Leah (Genesis 29:33). Because of Simeon’s evil deed at Shechem, Jacob foretold that Simeon’s descendants would be dispersed among the other tribes of Israel (Genesis 49:7).

In the book of (Joshue19:1;9) Simeon’s inheritance was included in Judah’s territory; (Judges 1:3), points to a close bond between the tribes of Simeon and Judah. They march and fight together as brothers to establish themselves in Canaan. Simeonitesh were linked to the Kingdom of Judah throug out the period of the monarchy, and its tribal destiny was tied to that of the southern division of the divided monarchy (1st Chronicles 4:24-42). Simeon’s tribe settled in the southern extremes of Canaan called ”Negev in Hebrew” (1st Chronicles 4:28-33). Simeon’s territory is also called ”Negev of Judah,” a phrase that serves to differentiate them from other racial groups occupying parts of southern Canaan (1st Samuel 27:10; 2ed Samuel 24:7).

The genealogies of the Simeonites reveal a certain amount of intermarriage with other Israelite tribes as well as with non-Israelites. Shaul, Simeon’s son was the son of a Canaanite woman (Genesis 46:10; Exoudus 6:15). Two of Simeon’s sons bear names of Ishmeal’s sons (Genesis 25:13-14; 1st Chronicles 1:29-30). In The New Testament, Simeon’s tribe appears seventh in the list of the tribes who are sealed by God, ( Revelation 7:7).

LEVI

Levi tribe taking its name from the third son of Jacob and Leah, ( Genesis 29:34). The meaning of the name (”attached”) is a pun on Leah’s position as an unloved wife: now that she has borne three sons to Jacob, surely he will be ”attached ” to her. The tribe of Levi is described as ”attached” to Aaron (Numbers 18: 1-2).

Levi’s name is associated with the tragedy at Shechem, where the male inhabitants of the city were ruthlessly murdered when Levi and Simeon sought to avenge the violation of their sister Dinah by Shechem the Hivite, (Genesis 34: 25-29). This brings Jacob’s rebuke (34: 30), and on his death bed he fore tolded that the descendants of Levi and Simeon will be scattered through out Israel (Genesis 49: 5-7).

True, Moses and Aaron were of Levi (Exodus 2: 1), but no stress is laid on this. Levi’s later position was God’s reward for it costly faithfulness when Israel rebelled against God 9Genesis 32: 25-29); this inaugurated the ”Covenant with Levi” (Numbers 18: 19). Henceforth the tribe of Levi would be accepted by God instead of Israel’s firstborn sons, who belonged to Him by the law of ”firstfruits” (3: 11-13).

Levi, as a tribe, could therefore own no tribal territory: God Himself was their inheritance (Numbers 18: 20). Since Levi could not amass wealth, the tribe was to be supported by gifts and tithes (Numbers 18: 21); like the widow, orphan, and stranger, they were commended to the care of God’s people (Deuteronomy 14: 29). Since they were God’s tribe, Joab was unwilling to include Levi in David’s census (1st Chronicles 21: 6; Numbers 1: 49).

Naturally, Levi did not serve in war except in a religious capacity (2ed Chronicles 20:21). Their service pertained to the matting tent (Numbers 1: 50-53) and later the temple ( 1st Chronicles 23:25-32). Within the Bible makes a clear distinction among: 1. The High Priest, ( 1st Samuel 1: 9), who came from the branch of Aaron’s family; 2. The rest of the Priests, also of particular families; and 3. a mass of subordinate Levities,who has lesser tasks. In early days they packed and moved the portable tent of meeting (Numbers 1:50-51).

Barnabas, in the New Testament days, belong to the tribe of Levi (Acts 4:36). Indeed, among Jews, wherever the surname Levy is found, a member of the tribe lives on.

JUDAH

The fourth of Jacob’s twelve sons (Genesis 35:23; 1st Chronicles 2:1) and the forth son born to Jacob by Leah, who, overjoyed with the thought of bearing Jacob another son, named him Judah, meaning ”praise” (Genesis 29:35). Judah fathered five sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah by Bathshua the Canaanites (38:3-5; 1st Chronicles 2:3); and the twins Perez and Zerah by Tamar, his daughter-in-law (Genesis 38:29-30; 1st Chronicles 2:4).

He eventually settled his family in Egypt with his father and brothers (Exodus 1:2), although his first two sons, Er and Onan, were divinely killed in Canaan for their disobedience (Genesis 46:12). Judah became the founder of one of Israel’s tribes (Numbers 1:26-27). At the time of Jacob’s, Judah was granted the birthright privileges of the firstborn; the leadership of Jacob’s family would come through Judah’s seed, as would the promised Messiah of Abraham’s covenant (49:8-12). Later, Judah’s family was praised at the time of Ruth’s engagement to Boaz (Ruth 4:12). The line of Davidic King (1st Chronicles 2:1-15; 3:1-24) traces its descent through Judah.

For two hundred years, until the fall of the northern kingdoms in 722 BC, there were two little kingdom side by side: a larger one in the north andeast, called Israel (the ”ten tribes” of 1st Kings 11:35), and a smaller one in the south, called Judah. With this, the history of Judah as a tribe virtually comes to a end, for this little kingdom was really a ”Greater Judah.” It contained not only the old tribe of Judah but also the newly conquered territory of Jerusalem, some of the old Philistine country, the tribes of Benjamin and Simeon, as well as many Levites (2ed Chronicles 11:14) and other Israelites from the north who remained loyal to the southern kingdom after the two were split.

Jews were of the tribe of Judah; the very name ”Jew” comes from that name. But the chief ”Glory” of the tribe of Judah, now and forever, was that the family of David sprang from it. When Jesus Christ was born, He came from the line of David which is the line of the tribe of ”Judah.” So it is that in Revelatation 7:5), when twelve thousand people are sealed from each tribe, Judah is named first in the list, as it was in Numbers, (Numbers 2:3) as long before.

DAN

Dan was the fifth son of Jacob. His mother was Bilhah, maid of Jacob’s wife Rachel (Genesis 30:1-6). Dan’s name was given to him not by Bilhah but by Rachel, who considered the child her own. the name Dan (”he judged”) meant that God had judged her and had validated her through the child’s birth (Genesis 30:6). The tribe of Dan, descended from Dan’s only Known son, Hushim (”Shuham” in Numbers 26:42-43), had little distinction in its early years.

Some Danites are mentioned in the Old Testament: Oholiab, a craftsman of the tabernacle (Exodus 31:6; 35:34; 38:23); another whose mother married an Egyptian and who blasphemed God (Leviticus24:11), and Ahiezer, chief prince of Dan during the Exodus (Numbers 1:12). Dan was the second largest tribe at the first census taken in the wilderness 62,700 warriors (Numbers 1:38-39). They were instructed to camp on the north side of the Israelites’ camp along with Asher and Naphtati (Numbers 2:25-31).

At the second census 40 years later just before entering the Promised Land, they had grown to 64,400 still second in size (Numbers 26:42-43). Dan is listed among the tribes who remanded Israel of the covenant curses at Mount Ebal (Joshua 8:30-33). The tribe is called a ”Lion’s Whelp” in Moses’ blessing (Deuteronomy 33:22). The Danites were among the tribes who did not drive the Canaanites from their territory recover their land as God commanded them (Joshua 13:4-5). Eventually, the Danites gave up the effort and sought other land in the north, where conquest was easier. Their disobedience went further when they set up not only one idol but also a rival priesthood to this idol (Judges 18:30-31).

The Danites’ lack of obedience continued throughout their history (2ed Kings 10:29) and because of it they were eventually carried into captivity with the other tribes to Assyria (17:1-23).The tribe of Dan is mentioned in the by the prophet Ezekiel’s idealized description of the restored land and Jerusalem (Ezekiel 48:1-2; 32). In the New Testament, Dan’s tribe is omitted from the list of Israel’s tribes (Revelation 7:4-8).

ZEBULUN

Zebulun was one of Jacob’s twelve sons (Genesis 35:23; 1st Chronicles 2:1). He was the sixth and last son born to Jacob by Leah. Leah named him Zebulun, meaning ”abode, dwelling,” for she said, Now my husband will dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons” (Genesis 30:20). Zebulun tribe was divided into three clans named after his three sons: the Seredites, the Elonites, and the Jahleelites (Genesis 46:14).

In the blessing of Moses (Deuteronomy 33:18-19), Zebulun, along with Issachar, ”shall draw out [literally, such] the abundance of the sea. In addition, Zebulun’s ”lot,” with it fruitful fields and valleys, ensured olive groves, vineyards, and splendid hatvests. In 1st Chronicles 12:40) the tribe was able to provide rich supplies for David. Throughout the centuries the tribe maintained its identity. The tribe of Zebulun held a strong position among its tribal neighbord around Galilee.

Other references point to the strength and importance of Zebulun’s tribes. During the United Kingdom period, Zebulun’s fighting force was the largest of the western tribes armies that fought under King David (1Chronicles 12:33). In the New Testament there are two references to Zebulun. The first: Zebulun as a region into which Jesus, the great light, made an appearance (Matthew 4:13-15). The second mantion of Zebulun appears in the list of the twelve tribes in: Revelation 7:8 after Issachar.

GAD

Gad was one of the twelve sons of Jacob. Gad was considered the son of Jacob and his wife Leah. He was actually the first of the two sons born to Jacob by Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant (Genesis 35:26). Delighted with giving Jacob another son , Leah named him Gad, meaning ‘Good Fortune” (Genesis 30:11). Gad became the father of seven sons (Genesis 46:16) and the founder of the tribe of Gad (Numbers 2:14; Deuteronomy 3:12,16), one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

The Gadites were the largest of the twelve tribesthat came out of Egypt with Moses (Numbers 1:1-3,24-25). While the Israelites wandered in the wilderness, the Gadites were led by Eliasaph’s son, Deuel (Numbers 1:14; 2:14). When the nation made camp, Gad was located south of the tabernacle behind the tribes of Reuben and Simeon (2:14-15). After the end of the conflict, Gad, and Reuben, and the half-tribe of Manasseh settled their land east of the Jordan(Numbers 12:6; 13:8). Gad’s inheritance was between Manasseh’s tribes to the north and Reuben’s to the south.

Some Gadites joined David at Ziklag during his exile (1st Chronicle 12:14,37). In the fourteenth year of David’s reign, the two and a half tribes were formally brought together under an overseer named Jerijah, and his brothers, (1st Chronicles 26:30-32). After the Hebrews returned from their exile, Gad is mentioned only once-in Ezekiel’s vision of the restoration of Israel (Ezekiel 48:1, 27-28, 34). In the New Testament, Gad is mentioned only in the book of Revelation, in the list of the tribes sealed by God (Revelation 7:5).

ISSACHAR

Issachar was Jacob;s ninth son, and fifth by his wife Leah (Genesis 30:17-18). Jacob, in his final message to his twelve sons says: ”Issachar is a strong donkey, lying down between the sheepfolds” (Genesis 49:14); [a donkey who refuses to move his burden, a lazy man who is unwilling to do his share of the work]. Issachar had four sons (Genesis 46:13) who headed clans in the tribe (1st Chronicles 7:1-5).

The descendants of Issachar numbered 54,400 at the first census (Numbers 26:25), and to 87,000 during David’s reigh (1st Chronicles 7:5). Issachar was the main tribe involved in the fighting against Canaanite enemies led by Deborah, the female judge of Israel, herself a member of the tribe (Judges 5:15). During the time of David,there were men of Issachar who had an understanding of what Israel ought to do in warfare (1st Chronicles 12:32).

Issachar was assigned the fourth lot of land after the ark of the covenant was taken to Shiloh (Joshua 19:17). This included the cities of Jezreel, Shunem, and En-gannim, and it lay between the mountains of Gilboa and Tabor. Their allotment was bordered on the south and west by the tribe of Manasseh, on the north by Zebulun and Naphtali, and by the east by the Jordan River.

All three areas- Issachar, Naphtali, and Zebulun- met at Mount Tabor. On the south side there were some major towns not conquered in Joshua’s time (Judges 1:27) that were takenfrom Issachar and given to Manasseh (Joshua 17:11). These town included important centers such as Beth-shan, Abloom, and Tanaach.

ASHER

Asher was the name of Jacob’s sons. He was born to Leah’s maid Zilpah (Genesis 30:12-13). The name Asher, probably meaning ” happy,” Leah was in delight at the birth of the child. Asher had four sons, Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Beriah, and a daughter, Serah (Genesis 46:17; 1st Chronicles 7:30). Asher and his brothers received a special blessing and prediction from Jacob as he was dying (Genesis 49:20). In Deuteronomy 33:24-25, the dying Moses blessed Asher and the other tribes.

Asher an Israelite tribe that inhabited the fertile coastal territory of the Promised Land, Asher’s land stretched north of Mount Carmel to a point slightly above the city of Sidon. The eastern boundary ran along the western slopes of the hills of Galilee (Joshua 19:24-34). The tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali were Asher’s eastern neighbors. The Carmel mountain range was a natural barriers between Asher and the tribe of Manasseh to the south.

As a tribe, Asher fluctuated in size. From the few who entered Egypt with their father, Jacob, the tribe grew to 41,500 adult warriors at Mount Sinai (Numbers 1:40-41). At the second census in the wilderness the tribe numbered 53,400 soldiers (26:47). At the time of King David the number varied from 26,000 to 40,000 warriors (1st Chronicles 7:40; 12:36). Asher was never more than fifth in size among the tribes of Israel. The tribe joined the rest of Israel in rejecting Caleb and Joshua’s optimistic report about the land of Canaan (Numbers 13:30; 14:10). As a result, they wandered in the wilderness forth years (14:22-25).

Joshua later gave the remaining seven tribes their own territory (Joshua 18:2). The fifth part went to Asher’s descendants. Ahihud had been chosen by God to distribute land within the territory given to Asher’s tribe (34:16,27). Like all the Israelite tribes, Asher was never able to possess all of its inheritance. It failed to drive out the inhabitants of Acco, Sidon, Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, and Rehob; Asher was then degraded and corrupted by pagan culture (Judges 1:31). In the New Testament, one of Asher’s descendants is mentioned, an eighty-four-year-old woman named Anna, a prophetess. She described Jesus as ”the Redemption of Jerusalem” when He, as a baby, was dedicated to the Lord in the Temple (Luke 2:36-38).

NAPHTALI

Naphtali was one of Jacob’s sons (Genesis 35:25). He was the second of two sons borne to Jacob by Bilhah, Rachel’s maid. Over joyed with giving Jacob another son, Rachel named the boy Haphtali, meaning ”My Wrestling,” I have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed. (Genesis 30:8). Naphtali fathered four sons (Numbers 26:50) and founded one of the twelve tribes of Israel (Numbers 1:43).

Acting as the leader of the tribe, Ahira helped conduct the census of Naphtali as Israel prepared for war where as later census, taken near the end of their desert sojourning, records 45,400 men capable of battle (Numbers 26:48-50). When Moses sent the twelve spies to search out the land of Canaan, Nahbi represented Naphtali tribe (13:14). Naphtali tribe during the wilderness wanderings include the position of encampment around the tabernacle in the desert (Numbers 2:29).

The tribal inheritance of Naphtali was located on the east side of upper Galilee, bordered on the south by Zebulun and on the west by Asher (Joshua 19:32-39). The most significant of these was the war with Jabin, King of Hazor. Barak, from Kedesh in Naphtali, joined Deborah the prophetess, and together they led the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali against the Canaanites (Judges 4-5). Along with the tribes of Asher, Zebulun, and Manasseh, the tribe of Naphtali was also called by Gideon into battle against the Midainites (Judges 6:35).

The other major foreign power to exert its influence in the region of Naphtali was Assyria, particularly during the reign of Tiglath-pleaser lll. During the rule of Pekah in Israel and Rezon in Syria, this Assyrian monarch came and captured Gilead, Galilee, and Naphtali in 732 B.C. (2ed Kings 15:29). Though the Lord had made Naphtali’s land contemptible, He would make it glorious once again (Isaiah 9:1). Matthew sees the fulfillment of this prophecy in the person of Christ, who brought the message of God’s Kingdom to the Jews living in the region of Naphtali’s tribe (Matthew 4:13-15).

JOSEPH

Joseph was Jacob’s eleventh son and the first born son of Rachel. Rachel named him Joseph, which meant, ”The Lord will add.” This showed Rachel’s desire that God would give her another son after Joseph (Genesis 30:24). The Bible does not not tell us anything more about Joseph until, at the age of seventeen, we read about him tending his father’s flocks with his brothers (Genesis 37:2). Joseph was the favorite of his father, Jacob, since he was the son of Jacob’s old age (Genesis 37:3) and the first born son of his favorite wife.

Because of this favoritism, Joseph’s brother hated him. They envy towards Joseph only got worse when Jacob gave Joseph a ground-length, long-sleeved, multicolored robe (Genesis 37:3-4). Joseph revealed to them he was having dreams where his brothers would one day bow down before him (Genesis 37:5-11).Jacob sent Joseph to check on his brothers and the flocks near Shechem, his brothers tricked him and sold him to a caravan of traders going down to Egypt (Genesis 37:25-28).

In Egypt, Joseph was sold to an Egyptian officer of the guard named Potiphar (Genesis 37:36), who eventually put Joseph in charge of his entire household. Soon, however, trouble arose because of Potiphar’s wife, who was attracted to Joseph and tried to seduce him (Genesis 39:6-10). One day, however, Potipphar’s wife grabbed Joseph’s coat and asked him to sleep with her. Joseph was put in the king’s prison (Genesis 39:20), where Pharaoh’s butler and baker were also confined.

While in prison, Joseph, with God’s help, interpreted these men’s troublesome dreams. As Joseph had predicted, the baker was executed and the butler was restored to royal favor (Genesis 40:21-22). Two years later Pharaoh had dreams that his magicians and wise men could not interpret. God revealed to Joseph that the dreams foretold seven years of abundance in Egypt, followed by seven years of great famine (Genesis 41:25-36).

Pharaoh, impressed with Joseph’s interpretation, made him ruler of Egypt, second to only himself (Genesis 41:39-44). Joseph was given a new name, Zaphenath-paneah, and a wife, Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera (Genesis 41:45).Joseph was thirty years old when he became ruler of Egypt. During the seven years of prosperity, he was in change of gathering the extra food and supplies for the seven years of famine to come (Genesis 41: 53-56).

Back in Palestine, the famine became severe because they had not stored goods away. Jacob sent all his sons, except Benjamin, his youngest son (Genesis 42:7-9).When the famine got worse in Palestine, Jacob asked his sons to go back to Egypt to buy more grain (Genesis 43:1-2). Joseph finally disclosed his identity and declared that God had commanded him to preserve their lives (Genesis 45:4-8).When he learned his father was ill, Joseph took his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, to him for his blessing.

Joseph arranged his sons around Jacob so that the older brother ,Manasseh, would receive the blessing of the first born. Jacob, however, crossed his hands and with his right hand on Ephraim gave him the greater blessing (Genesis 48:14-20). He also gave some land to Joseph that Jacob had won from the Amorites in battle.

When Joseph was 110 years old, he called his brothers and told them he was about to die. He made them take an oath that when they returned to Canaan they would take his bones with them. Joseph died, was embalmed, and was placed in a coffin in Egypt (Genesis 50:26). Many years later, during the Exodus, Moses took the bones of Joseph with him from Egypt (Exodus 13:19). Joseph’s remains were eventually buried at Shechemina piece of land that Jacob had bought when he was alive (Genesis 33:18-20).

BENJAMIN

Benjamin was the youngest of Jacob’s twelve sons. He was a full brother to Joseph. Jacob named him Benjamin (”son of my right hand”) His dying mother Rachel had called him Ben-oni (”son of my sorrow,”Genesis 35:18). Benjamin was used in the reunion in Egypt of Jacob and his twelve sons (Genesis 42-45). When prophesying concerning each of his sons, Jacob spoke of Benjamin’ s skill as a warrior. He also prophesied of the military fame of his descendants by saying, ”Benjamin is a wolf that prowls. He devours his enemies in the morning, and in the evening he divides the plunder (Genesis 49:27).

The tribe of Benjamin was one of the smallest of the twelve tribes of Israel, made up of descendants of Jacob’s youngest son (Numbers 1:36). Palti was one of the scouts making a bad report when the twelve spies returned from the land of Canaan (Numbers 13:1-2,9,31-33). The tribe as a whole displayed disobedience and a lack of consistent courage by failing to clear their land of Canaanites (Judges 1:21).

Following the custom of the day, the whole tribe defended a few of their tribesmen who had sexually mistreated and murdered a concubine from another tribe (Judges 19-20). That act of gross immorality united the remaining tribes of Israel against them, and the tribe of Benjamin was almost completely destroyed. To keep the tribe from dying out, the other tribes allowed the Benjaminites to take captive several hundred women who then became their wives (Judges 21).Benjamin’s tribe proved to be dependable in various ways.

During the exodus from Egypt, it took its place in the organization (Numbers 1:11) and the army (2:22) and made its tribal offerings (7:60). It demonstrates remarkable loyalty to the throne, initially to Saul and his family (2ed Samuel 2:8-31). Later David received its faithful support, as did his descendants, for Benjamin remained with Judah, loyal to Solomon’s son Rehobam when Jeroboam led a secession (1st Kings 12:21-24). Other men of Benjamin often called ”Benjaminites” spoken in the Old Testament Cush, of whom David sang (Psalm 7:1 superscription); Jeremiah the prophet, who though a Levite, lived within Benjamin’s tribe (Jeremiah 1; 32:8); and Mordecai, uncle and adviser to Hadassa, Queen Esther, (Esther 2:5).

In the New Testament the apostle Paul made no apologies for his ancestry, twice referring to himself as a Hebrew of Benjamin’s tribe (Romans 11:1; Philippians3:5). In his sermon of Israel’s history (Acts 13:21). In one other New Testament reference Benjamin is named with the other twelve tribes in John’s apocalyptic vision (Revelation 7:8).

EPHRAIM

Ephraim ‘s tribe descended from the patriarch Joseph’s second son. Both Ephraim and his brother Manasseh were regarded as sons also by their grandfather Jacob and became his heirs. Many Bible commentators think that in naming his son Ephraim (Genesis 41:52), Joseph was making a play on words based on a Hebrew root meaning ”to be fruitful.”

Ephraim’s tribe was one of the most fertile areas in Palestine, and at present is still planted with vines and fruit trees, such as olive, pomegranate,and carob. Prior to Israelitesettlement, the area was wooded (Joshua 17:18). During the monarchy, wild animals still roamed there(2ed Kings 2:24).

One half of Manasseh’s allotment formed Ephraim’s northern boundary (Joshua 16:5-6). Ephraim became a great tribe, and its members often held prominent position. The first census taken in the wilderness lists the total of Ephraimite soldiers as 40,500 (Numbers 1:33). After the wilderness wanderings, the number of warriors dropped to 32,500 (26:27).

Ephraim was the leader of the western camp, supported by the tribes of Manasseh and Benjamin (Numbers 2:18-24). Joshua the son of Nun, one of the tewlve spies, was descended from Ephraim (Numbers 13:8,”Hoshea”). Under Joshua’s leadership, Ephraim and the other tribes conquered Canaan and received their promised inheritance (Joshua 16).

The prophets proclaimed that Ephraim and the other northern tribes would one day be reunited with the southern Kingdom of Judah in the Messianic Kingdom (Hosea 1:11), and would rule over Judah, Ephraim, and all the tribes of Israel, in Ezekiel 37 :11 the bible says: Then He said to me ”Son of man, these bones are the ”whole house of Israel.” Isreal is Jacob and his ”whole” house do not main one tribe but it main the whole house. ”the twelve tribes of Israel” (Ezekiel 37: 1-14).

MANASSEH

Firstborn son of Joseph and his Egyptain wife, Asenath (Genesis 41:50-51). Manasseh, along with Ephraim his brother, visited their grandfather Jacob on his deathbed. Jacob announced that Manasseh and Ephraim were to be considered his own, not Joseph’s sons (Genesis 48:5-6).

Manasseh, the firstborn, would have descendants not quite as great as those of Ephraim (Genesis 48:13-20). This explains why Ephraim and Manasseh [ in that order] provided their names for two of the twelve tribes of Israel but Joseph did not, at least in most listings (Revelation 7:6. Manasseh also founded the Manassite family (Deuteronomy 4:43; 2ed Kings 10:33).

At the age of twelve he became co-ruler with his father. In 686 BC, his father died and he became sole monarch at only 23. His 55-year reign (2edKings 21:1) is dated from the beginning of his co- regency, so he ruled 11 years as co- regent and44years as sole king-longer than any other king in Judah or in Israel.

He was the most wicked of all the Judean kings, even resorting to a series of murders, presumably to stay in power (21:16;24:4). In addition to murder, among his sins listed in (21:2-9) are rebuilding the high place for pagan worship; encouraging Baal, sun, moon, and the star worship; and burning his son as a child sacrifice (2ed Kings 21:6;23:10; Jeremiah 7:31).

When Manassah died in 642 BC, at the age of sixty-seven, he was buried in his own garden (2edKings 21:18). As son Amon reverted to his father’s wicked practices, but reigned only two years [642-640BC] before being assassinated. It was his Godly grandson Josiah [640-609BC] who led the people back to the true worship of Yahweh (2ed Kings 23:4-14). But even his reforms could not avert the judgment promised on account of Manasseh’s sins (2ed Kings 23:26-27).

Israel told Joseph that his older son Manasseh was to become a great people, but that Ephraim was to become a multitude or company of nations (v. 19). Here we find that a great nation and also a great company of nations were to spring from the descendants of Joseph. They were the ones who receive the birthright blessings of national greatness. This included possession of strategic check points through which their enemies would have to pass, vast agricultural and mineral wealth, and status as world powers that would exercise dominance over other nations. Since God had promised that they would be a blessing to other nations, we know that their dominance as world powers would be exercised in a benign way overall.

Is there historical record of these promises being fulfilled? Before we examine that, look at a few more details that unfold in the book of Genesis. A short time after adopting Ephraim and Manasseh and conveying the birthright blessings upon them, Israel called all of his sons to his bedside. He was at the end of his long life and wanted to give his last admonition and blessing to his family.

Notice what he told them. “And Jacob called his sons and said, ‘Gather together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in the last days” (49:1). Israel’s prophecy that followed was not for his day or for the time when his descendants would come out of Egypt and enter into the Promised Land. It was for the end-times! Clearly at the end-time the descendants of Israel were still to exist as separate, identifiable tribes.

Notice his words for Joseph. “Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a well; his branches run over the wall” (v. 22). This is a poetic allusion to a people who would multiply and spread out all over and beyond the confines of that border. After all, Joseph’s sons were ultimately to give rise to a great nation and a great company of nations. Israel therefore foresaw them as a great colonizing people. He also conveyed the blessings of heaven above and of the deep that lies beneath. This implies great mineral wealth (blessings of the deep) as well as blessings of weather that would provide great agricultural wealth (blessings of heaven above).

But were these fabulous promises ever fulfilled for the descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh? The very authenticity of your Bible as the word of God stands or falls on that point!

After they left Egypt, the tribes of Israel lived for centuries in the Middle Eastern territory that God had promised. There is no record of Ephraim and Manasseh ever becoming a great nation and company of nations prior to Israel’s captivity. They never became a blessing to all the nations of the world before they went into Assyrian captivity in the eighth century before Christ. Clearly, the fulfillment of the promises that God made to Abraham and reconfirmed to his descendants did not occur before ten-tribed Israel disappeared from the pages of your Bible and then from the pages of secular history.

How these promises were yet fulfilled, as we shall see, is “the rest of the story!”

Israel’s Captivity and Lost Identity
Before the children of Israel ever entered the Promised Land, Moses was inspired by God to warn them of the future. The promises of God were sure, but the timing of their fulfillment was up to God and depended upon Israel’s conduct. A Bilateral contract, so to speak.

In Leviticus 26:1–2 God, through Moses, warned the Israelites: “You shall not make idols for yourselves… You shall keep My Sabbaths and reverence My sanctuary: I am the Lord.” He went on to tell them: “If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments, and perform them, then I will give you rain in its season, the land shall yield its produce, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit” (vv. 3–4). In the following verses God detailed blessings of agricultural bounty and peace that would come upon the nation if it was faithful. In verse 12 He concluded His promised blessings by stating: “I will walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people.”

Just as there were blessings for obedience, however, there were serious curses as consequences for disobedience. If Israel went into idolatry and forgot God’s Sabbaths, then God would punish the nation for its actions. In verses 16 and 17 He detailed the punishments of diseases and of enemy incursions into their territory which would result. What would happen, if, after repeated punishment, Israel persisted in rebellion against God and His laws? Verse 18 tells us: “And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.” The Hebrew word here rendered “seven times” can refer either to length of time or to intensity of punishment.

Seven Times Punishment
In Daniel 4 we read of a dream that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had. In the dream he was told that he would be punished for his pride by losing both his kingdom and his sanity. In this dream he was told that “seven times” would pass before his restoration. In the historical fulfillment of this dream, it is apparent that the seven times were a period of seven literal years.

What were the seven times of Israel’s punishment promised in Leviticus 26:18? If this indicated a duration of time, how long was it to last? Understanding the significance of Israel’s seven times punishment opens up history to far deeper meaning than you have probably ever understood before.

First, let us answer the question concerning the length of the “seven times.” How many days would “seven times” be? In Revelation 11 and 12 we find keys to understanding this.

Revelation 11:2–3 equates two periods of time: 42 months and 1,260 days. This is simple to understand, as there are exactly 1,260 days in 42 months of 30 days. In Revelation 12:6 we find another mention of 1,260 days, but this time that figure is paralleled in verse 14 by the term, “time, times, and half a time.” We have already seen that 1,260 days is equated with 42 months, which is exactly three-and-a-half years. Clearly then, the Bible equates “time, times and half a time” with a three-and-a half-year period of 1,260 days.

“Seven times” is double the length of “time, times, and half a time” (or three-and-a-half years). Therefore, seven times would represent a duration of 2,520 days (twice the length of the 1,260 days). How long a period of punishment upon Israel would these 2,520 days represent in Bible prophecy? To understand this, look at another incident of punishment on Israel. Numbers 13 and 14 give the account of Moses sending 12 spies, one from each tribe, to investigate the Promised Land. Ten of the spies brought back an evil report that discouraged the people and caused them to refuse to enter the land. God was greatly displeased with the people’s lack of faith. Notice the consequences that followed: “According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, for each day you shall bear your guilt one year, namely forty years, and you shall know My rejection [‘breach of promise’ KJV]” (Numbers 14:34).

Israel’s disobedience led to a 40-year delay in entering the Promised Land and inheriting the promises God had made to their ancestors. The 40 years of punishment were figured on the principle of a day for a year. A similar point is made in Ezekiel 4 about punishment on Judah and on Israel. In this account, the prophet Ezekiel was told to lie upon his left side each day for 390 days to symbolize the duration of God’s punishment upon Israel. Then, he was told to turn and to lie upon his right side each day for 40 days in order to show the punishment of Judah. Next, Ezekiel was told: “I have laid on you a day for each year” (v. 6). In other words, once again a day equaled a year in the fulfillment of certain Bible prophecies.

With each day representing a year in the fulfillment of Israel’s punishment, seven times would represent 2,520 years. What is the full significance of this period of time? We will shortly see the amazing answer. But first, let us examine why Israel went into captivity at all.

Why the Ten Tribes Went into Captivity
In Leviticus 26, God made it plain that if Israel began to worship idols and to break His Sabbath, He would work through punishments to get their attention. Fulfillment of this prophecy is seen throughout the book of Judges as Israel lapsed into sin and God allowed terrorist raids by surrounding nations to disrupt Israel’s peace and its economy. Sometimes these nations actually brought Israel under direct rule for years. This cycle continued for more than three centuries before the monarchy was established.

After the death of King Solomon the kingdom of Israel split into two totally separate nations. The northern ten tribes chose Jeroboam the son of Nebat as their king, while Judah remained loyal to Rehoboam, Solomon’s son by his beloved Queen Naamah the ammonitess princess. In Solomon’s old age, his many foriegn wives led him into idolitory as he loved them so which resulted in the curse falling upon his son and successor after his decline into sorcery and idolitory in his old age leading to his death. Rehaboam whose name meant “He who enlarges his people,” in short order dimished the kingdom to a small fraction of its size, people, wealth, prestige and glory with the split of the kingdom after Gods warnings to Solomon went unheeded, because God had already blessed Solomon unilaterally. 1 Kings 14:21 and 2 Chronicles 12:13.

Shortly after the division of the kingdom, Jeroboam made a decision that affected the ten tribes of Israel for the remainder of their history.

We read this crucial story in 1 Kings 12. Jeroboam began to fear that the ten tribes would, in the future, long for reunion with Judah. He decided that going up to worship God at Jerusalem during the festival seasons each year would lead to nostalgia for “the good old days.” He feared a future yearning for the time when they had been one nation under David’s dynasty in Jerusalem. This, he believed, would lead eventually to displacing himself or his descendants.

As he pondered this problem, Jeroboam came up with what he considered the solution. He called the people together and announced some changes. To make things more convenient, he told them that henceforth they would have two worship sites in northern Israel from which to choose. This way they would no longer have to go all the way to Jerusalem. He established his new sites of worship at the city of Dan in the north and at Bethel in the south. At each location a golden calf would be the object of worship. Additionally, the Levitical priesthood would be replaced by men loyal to Jeroboam and his new religion. We are told that, in fact, Jeroboam made “priests of the lowest of the people” (v. 31). As if all of this were not enough, he also introduced a change in the timing of God’s annual festivals. The Feast of Tabernacles, which came in the seventh month of God’s sacred calendar, was postponed until the eighth month.

Answer: This is more than a political schism, it is also a schism in Church of the Covenant people.

According to the Law of Moses all Jewish men were required to travel to the Temple three times each year for the Pilgrim Feasts of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks and Feast of Tabernacles [see Deuteronomy 16:16]. But Jeroboam could not consolidate power in the North if his people remained loyal to the Temple in the Southern Kingdom. Jeroboam set up his own worship centers and told his people they must no longer travel to Jerusalem. 1 Samuel 12:28
Jeroboam reintroduced the worship of the Egyptian Apis Bull, infamous the “golden calf” of the Mt. Sinai experience. Calves were used as idols to symbolize fertility and strength. Both the Egyptians and the Canaanites worshiped a bull god. Jeroboam shrewdly placed the golden calves at Bethel and Dan, strategic locations. Bethel was only 10 miles north of Jerusalem on the main road and Dan was the northernmost city in the Northern Kingdom.
He drove out the members of the ministerial priesthood [Priests and Levites] who were loyal to the Temple of Yahweh in Jerusalem and established his own priesthood. Yahweh had forbidden anyone to be a priest who was not from the tribe of Levi [see Numbers 3:10]. Yahweh’s priests were free of political control because they were assured of lifetime support from the priestly tithe. Jeroboam’s new priests were financed by the king and his national fees which made them susceptible to corrupted by bribes.
Jeroboam is warned against this fall into apostasy by Yahweh prophet in 1 Kings 13:1-6, but Jeroboam continues in his apostasy and establishes a false shrine at Bethel and inaugurates the shrine during the Pilgrim Feast of Tabernacles [the same feast when the Temple in Jerusalem had been dedicated]. Yahweh’s prophet prophesies the rule of good king Josiah of the House of David who will bring judgment on Israel’s false priesthood and then withers the kings arm as a “sign”. However, “Jeroboam did not give up his wicked ways after this incident, but went on appointing priests for the high places from the common people. He consecrated as priests of the high places any who wished to be. Such conduct made the House of Jeroboam a sinful House, and caused its ruin and extinction from the face of the earth.” 1 Kings 13:33, 34

Jeroboam’s substitute religion removed Israel from God’s holy covenant by creating another cult, worshiping according to “their own understanding” and influenced by the popular trends of the day. Over time little remained of the true faith as articulated in the Covenant at Sinai.

Throughout the remaining 200 years of northern Israel’s existence as an independent nation, many dynasties came and went. Regardless of who was king, however, we are told over and over that “he departed not from the sin of Jeroboam the son of Nebat who taught Israel to sin” (cf. 1 Kings 15:34; 16:19; 2 Kings 3:3; 10:29; 13:2; 6, 11; 14:24; 15:18; 24, 28; 17:22). The ten tribes totally disregarded God’s admonitions to their ancestors through Moses. They worshiped idols, violated God’s Sabbaths and, in general, simply disregarded God’s laws.

The consequences were inevitable. God had warned centuries earlier, through Moses, that a “seven times” punishment would come upon them if they persisted in disobedience. Finally, in the mid-eighth century, armies of the mighty Assyrian Empire invaded Israel.

Israel’s King Menahem bought a respite by giving Assyrian King Pul a large sum of money to withdraw. A few years later, however, during the reign of one of Menahem’s successors, Pekah, the Assyrians returned under Tiglathpileser. This time the Assyrians subjugated much of the eastern and northern part of the kingdom. Several tribes, including much of Reuben, Gad and Naphtali, were taken into captivity and transported to Assyria. During the reign of Pekah’s successor, Hoshea, things worsened. The Assyrians returned under their new king Shalmaneser and exacted tribute from the remnant of Israel. Then they returned a few years later and laid siege to Samaria. After a three-year siege, Samaria fell. The Assyrians then began to deport the population of ten-tribed Israel en masse.

Israel’s Last Chance
This deportation took years to accomplish. Before it progressed very far, a righteous king came to the throne in Judah, the southern kingdom. This king, Hezekiah, assumed complete authority in 714bc, upon the death of his father Ahaz. He had been joint ruler with his father for several years, but did not have independent authority until his father’s death. He, in sharp contrast to his father, was a man who sought with his whole heart to follow God. He initiated a revival in Judah at the very start of his sole reign. He opened the temple in Jerusalem, and called upon the people to repent and rededicate themselves to the worship of the true God.

Hezekiah told the people: “For our fathers have trespassed and done evil in the eyes of the Lord our God; they have forsaken Him, have turned their faces away from the habitation of the Lord, and turned their backs on Him… Therefore the wrath of the Lord fell upon Judah and Jerusalem, and He has given them up to trouble, to astonishment, and to jeering, as you see with your eyes. For indeed, because of this our fathers have fallen by the sword and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity. Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with the Lord God of Israel, that His fierce wrath may turn away from us” (2 Chronicles 29:6–10).

This revival under Hezekiah not only offered Judah a reprieve from the sword of the Assyrians, which was destroying the kingdom of Israel just north of them, it was also a last chance for the northern ten tribes to avert complete exile. Notice what King Hezekiah did: “And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem, to keep the Passover to the Lord God of Israel… So they resolved to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to the Lord God of Israel at Jerusalem, since they had not done it for a long time in the prescribed manner” (2 Chronicles 30:1, 5). Hezekiah’s messengers warned the remaining inhabitants of the northern kingdom: “Now do not be stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the Lord… For if you return to the Lord, your brethren and your children will be treated with compassion by those who lead them captive, so that they might come back to this land” (vv. 8–9).6

What was Israel’s response? “So the runners passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, as far as Zebulun; but they laughed them to scorn and mocked them. Nevertheless some from Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem” (vv. 10–11). By and large Israel ignored King Hezekiah’s warning and his call to repentance the final warning they were to receive. In the years immediately following, the Assyrians completely depopulated northern Israel and brought in people of Babylonian stock to resettle there. These newcomers were later known as Samaritans, taking their name from Israel’s capital city.

Israel had begun an odyssey that would not conclude for many centuries 2,520 years would pass before the descendants of Israel would begin to receive the birthright blessings promised their ancestors. For 2,520 years a year for a day they would experience God’s “breach of promise.”

Israel’s Lost Identity
In Exodus 31:12–17, God instructed Moses that His Sabbaths were to be a sign between Him and Israel forever. A sign is something that identifies. The Sabbath, established by God to commemorate his at time of creation, is a perpetual reminder of who God is and who His people are. As long as Israel kept the Sabbath, they maintained their identity.

To this day, the people of Judah have maintained their identity, regardless of what far-flung corner of the world in which they may live. They have retained the sign of the Sabbath and have never lost sight of who they are.

Israel, on the other hand, from the time of King Jeroboam has abandoned God’s Sabbaths and substituted its own days of worship. As a result, captive Israel did not stand out as different from the surrounding nations and peoples. Those whom they met did not associate them with the Jews, and eventually most Israelites forgot their true origin.

Many of the customs that Israel carried into captivity were borrowed from the pagan nations around them. At the time of Israel’s Assyrian captivity, the prophet Micah was in Judah. He warned Israel of their impending punishment and why it was to come. “For the statutes of Omri are kept; all the works of Ahab’s house are done; and you walk in their counsels, that I may make you a desolation and your inhabitants a hissing. Therefore you shall bear the reproach of My people” (Micah 6:16).

Who was Omri, and what were his statutes? What did this have to do with Israel’s lost identity?

Captive Israelites Become Known as Cimmerians
In captivity, Israel lost even its national name. Having abandoned their sign of identity that God established, the Israelites have become lost to most secular historians. However, they were certainly not lost to God. Notice the message he inspired the prophet Amos to record in the years prior to Israel’s captivity. “‘Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are on the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from the face of the earth; yet I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob,’ says the Lord. ‘For surely I will command, and will sift the house of Israel among all nations, as grain is sifted in a sieve; yet not the smallest grain shall fall to the ground'” (Amos 9:8–9).

In 1 Kings 16, we read of Omri and of his rise to power. He overthrew his predecessor, Zimri, and established a powerful dynasty. Though he only reigned 12 years, he established the capital city of Samaria and put laws in place that guided the nation through the rest of its history. His role as lawgiver was so established that 150 years after his death, and many dynasties later, the prophet Micah still referred to Israel as keeping “the statutes of Omri.” Clearly rejecting the laws that God had given through Moses, the House of Israel chose instead to keep the laws enacted by Omri. “Omri,” we are told by scripture, “did evil in the eyes of the Lord, and did worse than all who were before him” (v. 25).

Plainly, then, the statutes of Omri included pagan religious practices. His son Ahab was married to Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal priest-king of the Baal worshipping Sidonians. Though many of the outward trappings of Baal worship were later eliminated by a subsequent king, Jehu, Israel never really returned to God.

Notice the comments of Langer’s Encyclopedia of World History regarding the extent of Omri’s influence. “Omri established a long-lived dynasty. He built a new capital at Samaria and renewed alliances with Tyre… He also reconquered Moab as we learn from the Mesha inscription. Omri was evidently a strong king. The Assyrians called Israel after his name, Bit Omri (Khumri)” (1968 edition, p. 44).

The history of the ancient world, apart from what is recorded in scripture, comes down to us in the writings and monuments of the great empires of antiquity and in the writings of the Greek historians. The Assyrians, in their monuments, did not use the name “Israel,” but rather referred to the “Khumri.” This is the name by which Israel was known in captivity. This name, and variants of it in the languages of neighboring peoples, is the name by which the people of Israel are identified in secular history.

The people who were identified on Assyrian monuments as Khumri were called in the Babylonian language Gimmirra (or Gimiri). The Greek geographers such as Herodotus called them Cimmerians. Thus, the names by which captive Israel is identified in secular history are the names by which others called them, and those names varied in spelling and pronunciation according to the language of the writer.

Israel’s Migrations
What happened to the Israelites who were taken captive by the Assyrians? The Bible tells us that they were settled near the River Gozan and in the cities of the Medes. Gozan was a tributary of the northern Euphrates River. The cities of the Medes were in the area just south of Armenia, between the Black and Caspian Seas.

The apocryphal book of 2 Esdras, written a century or so prior to the time of Christ, records the tradition that had been preserved among the Jews. “Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land… and he [Shalmaneser] carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land. But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt… And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow passages of the river” (13:40–43).

To say that the migrating Israelites followed the “narrow passages of the river” simply means that they went northward through the narrow mountain passes of the headwaters of the Euphrates. This took them north of the Caucasus Mountains and on to the northern shore of the Black Sea. This is exactly where history places the Cimmerians, who later traveled up the Danube and Rhine River basins into northwestern Europe.

Lempriere’s Classical Dictionary locates the Cimmerii “near the Palus Maeotis” (p. 149). Palus Maeotis was the name the ancient Greeks gave to the large lake at the northern tip of the Black Sea, now called the Sea of Azov. From this area some of the Cimmerians migrated directly up the river system into northwestern Europe, while others invaded Asia Minor, and after being pushed out also went up into northern Europe.

Regarding the Cimmerii-Israelites’ entrance into northwestern Europe, M. Guizot in The History of France from Earliest Times to 1848 states: “From the seventh to the fourth century B.C., a new population spread over Gaul, not at once, but by a series of invasions, of which the two principal took place at the two extremes of that epoch. They called themselves Kymrians or Kimrians… the name of a people whom the Greeks placed on the western bank of the Black Sea and in the Cimmerian peninsula, called to this day Crimea” (p. 16). Called Gauls or Celts by the Romans, these people spread through what is modern France and into the British Isles.

The heaviest periods of this migration into northwestern Europe were shortly after the original Assyrian invasions, and again almost 400 years later. In 331bc, Alexander the Great defeated the Medes and the Persians. Those Israelites who were still in the ancient area of the Medes were now free to leave. Interestingly, this marks 390 years from the fall of Samaria to the overthrow of the Medes (721bc–331bc) the exact period that Ezekiel had prophesied for the House of Israel in Ezekiel 4:5.

Another ancient name by which the exiled Israelites were known is “Scythian.” A vast area of what is today the Eurasian plain of Russia was anciently called Scythia. Various peoples inhabited this huge area, including many tribes of exiled Israelites. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, “the Persians called them Sacae, since that is the name they give to all Scythians” (The Persian Wars, VII, 64). The word Sacae or Sakae is ultimately derived from Isaac, ancestor of the Israelites. This is the true origin of the names Scotland, Saxon and Scandinavia.

The Scots preserve the story of their Scythian origins in the most famous document in Scottish history, the Declaration of Arbroath. This declaration was written in 1320 and signed by Robert the Bruce and his nobles. In it is the statement that the Scots “journeyed from Greater Scythia by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea… they came twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea [ca. 250bc], to their home in the west where they still live today.” The original of this ancient letter, called by many “Scotland’s most precious possession,” is on display in a glass case in the Register House in Edinburgh. To the parchment is attached the seals of the 25 subscribing Scottish nobles.

Thus we see that the ten tribes of Northern Israel were uprooted from their homeland in the eighth century before Christ, and transported to a different area by their captors. Losing their identity, they became known to history by a variety of names. Cymri, Celts and Scyths are but a few. Today, guided by ancient records, we can trace the migrations of these peoples from the Black Sea to the British Isles and northwestern Europe.

How does all of this fit in with the prophecies of your Bible?

The Birthright Promises Are Fulfilled –

Anciently, God made remarkable promises to Abraham and his descendants. We have already seen that the northern ten tribes were uprooted from their homes and that they ultimately migrated into northwestern Europe. What became of the fulfillment of the promises to Abraham?

Look at the remarkable way in which God has intervened in history to accomplish His purpose and to fulfill His word.

Seven prophetic times 2,520 years went by from the time of Samaria’s fall and Israel’s captivity in 721bc. This brings us to 1800ad and the time when, according to scripture, Abraham’s descendants would begin coming into possession of the birthright promises. The remarkable story that unfolded in the history of the English-speaking people after 1800 is astounding.

To fully understand what happened and to put it into perspective, let us briefly look at the history of Europe. By the close of the 11th century after Christ, most of the European migrations were completed and nations were mostly in the areas in which we find them today. The Israelites had arrived, in waves of migration extending over centuries, in the new lands that they were destined to inherit. After all, God had anciently told Jacob that his descendants would spread abroad to the north, the west, the east, and the south (Genesis 28:14).

Throughout the ten centuries from Rome’s collapse until the 15th century, Europe was totally dominated by the Catholic church and was in the throes of poverty, ignorance and warfare. Much of this period has traditionally been called the “Dark Ages” by historians. In the last half of the 15th century, three milestone events took place. The first was the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. This brought an influx of scholars and Greek manuscripts of the New Testament into Western Europe. Secondly, in 1456, Johannes Gutenberg perfected the use of moveable type and the printing industry was born. This made possible the widespread diffusion of knowledge. In 1492, Christopher Columbus sighted land, thus beginning the unbroken connection between Europe and the new world of the Americas.

At this same time, England finally emerged from the internal strife of the War of the Roses. At last a stable government emerged, under the Tudor dynasty of Henry VII. Over the next century a remarkable transformation began to occur in England. Literacy spread, Catholic control was overthrown, and the tiny island nation began to develop into a sea-power.

The year 1588 was a benchmark in England’s history. Spain had set out to conquer England and restore it to the fold of the Catholic church. In pursuance of this goal, a vast Armada set sail from Spain. Shattered by storm winds off the coast of England, the Armada was defeated and little England was saved.

Notice what Sir Winston Churchill, in his History of the English-Speaking Peoples, wrote. “But to the English people as a whole the defeat of the Armada came as a miracle. For 30 years the shadow of Spanish power had darkened the political scene. A wave of religious emotion filled men’s minds. One of the medals struck to commemorate the victory bears the inscription ‘Afflavit Deus et dissipantur’ ‘God blew and they were scattered.’ Elizabeth and her seamen knew how true this was” (vol. II, p. 131).

This miraculous victory guaranteed that England would not come back under the domination of the Papacy, and it set the stage for future religious freedom in England. An awareness of God’s role in English history fueled a newfound interest in the Bible, resulting in the translation and widespread dissemination of the Bible during the reign of Queen Elizabeth’s successor, King James I.

Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, English sailors and explorers set out across the globe. This marked the beginnings of England as a sea power and set the stage for future commercial and economic greatness.

Still, when 1800 came, England and her former American colonies, the fledgling United States, possessed only a small portion of the world’s land and wealth. In Europe, Napoleon was attempting to put together a vast continental empire with France at its head. Instead of that effort being successful, however, something altogether different occurred.

Over the following decades, England emerged in possession of the vast British Empire. It was the largest that the world had ever seen. Over one quarter of the world’s land and people were under the British flag by the end of the 19th century. The United States, in 1800 still clinging to the eastern seacoast, had completely spanned the North American continent within five decades. The most powerful company of nations, the British Empire, and the greatest single nation, the United States, emerged right on schedule. The year 1800 marked the time when the 2,520 years of withholding the birthright concluded.

The British Empire Emerges
“How had the British done it? How, in the first place, did a peripheral island rise from primitive squalor to world domination? And how did they, between the [world] wars, still manage to keep their rickety empire together with little visible effort?” (The Europeans, p. 47). This was the question posed by author Luigi Barzini and it has been echoed by many.

While other nations set out with a cohesive plan to conquer vast stretches of territory and to build an empire, the British, it has been said, stumbled into theirs in a fit of absentmindedness. How did such a remarkable transformation come about?

Canada, a vast trove of agricultural and mineral wealth, came almost unbidden into the British Empire. After England’s victory over France in the Seven Years War (1756–63), many in Parliament argued against even accepting Canada from France, warning that “its scanty trade in beaver skins would not offset the burden of defense and administration…” (A History of England and the British Empire, by Hall & Albion, p. 463). In fact, “Halifax [Nova Scotia] was the only community in America founded by direct action of the British government” (p. 456).

Australia and New Zealand were no less thrust upon Britain as part of the empire. Of Australia, it has been said that the 1851 discovery of gold “precipitated a colony into a nation” (p. 664). The population jumped from 250,000 to almost a million in a little over a decade. As for New Zealand: “The home government long resisted the efforts to bring New Zealand under the British flag… So New Zealand went its lawless way until the actual planting of regular English settlers necessitated more definite control” (p. 664).

Over the course of the 19th century, Great Britain came into the possession of territory in every far-flung corner of the earth. Among these possessions were virtually all of the strategic sea-gates. Possessing the “gates of their enemies” was one of the blessings that God had promised to Abraham on behalf of his descendants. These narrow passages, through which sea traffic had to pass, were of inestimable value, both in terms of commercial value of trade and for security purposes during the two world wars of the 20th century. British control of the Suez Canal and the Straits of Gibraltar as well as of the strategic Isle of Malta was crucial to Allied control of the Mediterranean during World War II.

With Australia, New Zealand and Canada, Great Britain came into possession of some of the richest agricultural land on earth. The vast fields of grain and the innumerable herds of sheep and cattle represented a fulfillment of God’s ancient promises to Abraham. In addition, there was the vast mineral wealth of Canada, Australia, and South Africa. Britain itself came to control much of the Middle Eastern oil reserves. Her possessions and pipelines there helped provide the Allies the oil that was needed to fight World War II.

Overall, British influence was beneficial for the whole world, just as God anciently prophesied that it would be. It was the British Navy that wiped out the international slave trade in the early 19th century. The British and Foreign Bible Society, headquartered in London, was responsible for the Bible being translated into virtually every language and made available for the first time to peoples all over the earth.

Throughout the empire itself, British rule was not enforced by huge occupying armies. In fact, during the 19th century, the British army was quite small. It was called “the thin red line.” In vast India, inhabited by scores of millions even in the 19th century, it was the British civil service, never more than several hundred, that ruled. They administered justice, collected taxes, and enforced the laws. “They alone came into direct contact with the native population… they worked hard and efficiently… corruption was unknown among them, and they had triumphantly upheld justice, peace, and order for several decades” (p. 738).

Tiny little England emerged, practically overnight, to rule the greatest, most extensive empire that the world had ever seen. That empire developed into a great company of nations held together by allegiance to a common crown. Where else can anyone point to the fulfillment of the ancient promise that Jacob claimed for his grandson Ephraim? Clearly, God had kept His word to Abraham!

The Throne of David
God made a remarkable promise to King David of ancient Israel. Speaking through Nathan the prophet, God told David: “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever” (2 Samuel 7:12–16).

God explained to David that while he might punish his descendants for their sins, he would not remove the kingdom from their line as he had done with Saul. What happened to that line of kings? History records that King Zedekiah, a descendant of David, was the last king to sit upon the throne of Judah in Jerusalem. In 586bc Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took Zedekiah captive to Babylon, burned the temple, and destroyed the city of Jerusalem. Notice the statement in 2 Kings 25:7: “Then they killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, put out the eyes of Zedekiah… and took him to Babylon.”

Did God’s promise to David fail?

For the rest of the story, notice the prophecy that God inspired Ezekiel to record in Ezekiel 17. It starts out by posing a riddle that describes an eagle coming to a large cedar tree and cropping off the topmost branch. This small branch was taken to the “city of merchants” (v. 4). What is this riddle describing? Verse 12 tells us: “Say now to the rebellious house: Do you not know what these things mean? Tell them, Indeed the king of Babylon went to Jerusalem and took its king and princes, and led them with him to Babylon.”

That is not the end of the story, however. God went on to tell Ezekiel in verses 22 and 23: “I will take also one of the highest branches of the high cedar and set it out. I will crop off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and will plant it on a high and prominent mountain. On the mountain height of Israel I will plant it; and it will bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a majestic cedar. Under it will dwell birds of every sort; in the shadow of its branches they will dwell.”

We have already seen that the “top branch” of the cedar symbolized Judah’s last king, Zedekiah. A twig coming out from that branch would be one of his children. As we have also seen, his sons were killed. This “tender” twig must clearly refer to one of his daughters! God talks of her being taken to a high mountain (used in Bible prophecy to symbolize a nation) where she would be “planted” and would grow into a great tree. This shows that she would marry and produce offspring and that the dynasty would continue! Also note, while David’s line had been reigning over Judah, it would now be “replanted” ruling over Israel.

Irish history records the remainder of this story. It tells of the prophet Jeremiah and his scribe Baruch coming to Ireland after the fall of Judah with a young princess and the coronation stone, called in Gaelic lia fail. In ancient Irish records, the princess was named Tea Tephi. She married the son of the High King of Ireland. Their descendants reigned from Tara in Ireland for many centuries. Later, in the days of Kenneth McAlpine, they transferred their place of rule to Scone in Scotland. This same dynasty continues on down to today in the person of Queen Elizabeth II, a direct descendant of Tea Tephi and her husband. God has fulfilled his promises to King David just as He said!

The United States and the Blessings of Manasseh
What of the United States of America? Are the American people also truly descended from ancient Israel? Look at the plain record of history.

The first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States was Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. A few years later the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries settlers from the British Isles flowed into what became the United States. Actually, as Professor David Fischer points out in his important book, Albion’s Seed, there were four main waves of immigration during those two centuries to the future United States. These waves of migration had their origin in specific parts of the British Isles and came to particular areas of the American colonies.

New England, for instance, was settled primarily by immigrants from East Anglia. Certain parishes of this south-eastern part of England were almost emptied of population between 1629 and 1641, as whole family groups migrated en masse. “Today, East Anglia seems very rural by comparison with other English regions. But in the early 17th century, it was the most densely settled and highly urbanized part of England, and had been so for many centuries” (Albion’s Seed, p. 43).

Overwhelmingly, the immigrants who settled the United States before the Civil War came from northwestern Europe. Most were from either the British Isles or certain parts of northern Germany. These immigrants established the character of the American nation and have provided most of the nation’s leadership until this day. Even some whose ancestors immigrated later from other parts of Europe may well have Israelitish background. After all, the prophecy was made by Amos that the House of Israel would be sifted through the nations like corn through a sieve, but not a grain would be lost (Amos 9:9). Amazingly coincidental, the USA, America has become known as the great melting pot of all the nations.

Beginning in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase, the United States began a rapid territorial expansion that led to its spanning the continent within one generation. The territory acquired by purchase from Napoleon, at less than a nickel an acre, included the richest farmland on earth the American Midwest.

Because of its combination of agricultural and mineral wealth, America was destined to lead the world in per capita wealth. Whether in grain and cattle, or in its coal, iron, and petroleum production, America has had matchless bounty. As an example, during World War II the East Texas oil field alone produced more oil than the combined production of all the Axis powers. The prophecy of aged Israel to his grandson Manasseh, that his descendants would become the greatest single nation, has certainly been fulfilled in the United States of America.

Additionally, with the acquisition of the Panama Canal and various island dependencies gained in the latter 19th century, the United States has also possessed the gates of its enemies. The United States, in combination with Great Britain, controlled virtually every strategic passageway on earth through most of the 19th and 20th centuries.

At their pinnacles, the American and British nations have possessed or controlled an overwhelming share of the world’s wealth. There are simply no other nations that can even compare with the wealth and power that has been exercised by the English-speaking peoples.

With great blessings also come great responsibilities, however. In addition, there are particular dangers for these nations of which they are warned in that book which became ubiquitous throughout the English-speaking world the Bible.

A Warning for the Modern Nations of Israel
Moses was anciently inspired of God to set down a reminder for our people in the midst of our fabulous wealth and bounty: “For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land… a land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing… Beware that you do not forget the Lord your God by not keeping His commandments… lest when you have eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them… when your heart is lifted up… then you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth'” (Deuteronomy 8:7–17). Our nations are admonished: “And you shall remember the Lord your God, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day” (v. 18).

One of the great dangers of wealth and plenty is a self-centered, materialistic outlook. Instead of being the most thankful of peoples, we have become the most self-indulgent.

This national greatness was not achieved because of innate superiority. Rather, the possession of the fairest portions of the earth is the direct result of faithful Abraham’s obedience and God’s promises to Him. Moses reminded our ancestors: “The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; but because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers” (Deuteronomy 7:7–8).

Israel was called to be a holy nation to God. Today, we have direct access to God’s word in an unparalleled way. Yet the conduct of our people and our leaders falls far short of what God enjoins upon us. In the midst of plenty we are unthankful and disobedient to the God who blessed us. Just as God dealt with our ancestors of old, so also will He deal with us today.

The United States and Great Britain, and all the British-descended peoples, are on a rendezvous with God’s judgment!

The Coming Restoration
In 1897, the year of Queen Victoria’s “Diamond Jubilee,” one of Britain’s best-loved poets struck a somber note. The British Empire was at its height. In that context Rudyard Kipling wrote Recessional, a poem that was strikingly prophetic. “God of our fathers, known of old / Lord of our far flung battle line / Beneath Whose awful Hand we hold / Dominion over palm and pine / Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet, Lest we forget lest we forget!” He went on to add: “Lo, all our pomp of yesterday is one with Ninevah and Tyre! Judge of the Nations, spare us yet / Lest we forget lest we forget!”

A century later, the American and British-descended peoples have forgotten their God. God’s direct warning to these forgetful nations thunders down through time: “Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the Lord your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, I testify against you this day that you shall surely perish” (Deuteronomy 8:19).

How have such blessed nations forgotten God and His laws? The most fundamental national building block, the family unit, has been shattered by divorce and illegitimacy. We have “gay pride” parades in the streets of major cities from London to San Francisco to Sydney. Violence and greed escalates until people draw back with fear. Greed, materialism, and immorality have seemingly been woven into our national fabric, that has glazed over things with drugs and alcoholic beverages.

The messages of the ancient prophets are as descriptive of our national condition as any newscast. “Alas, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a brood of evildoers, children who are corrupters! They have forsaken the Lord, they have provoked to anger the Holy One of Israel, they have turned away backward” (Isaiah 1:4).

There is even a lack of shame at the national conduct. “The look on their countenance witnesses against them, and they declare their sin as Sodom; they do not hide it. Woe to their soul! For they have brought evil upon themselves” (Isaiah 3:9).

The Watchman’s Message
As we saw earlier in this booklet, God commissioned the ancient prophet Ezekiel as a watchman to the House of Israel. “So you, son of man: I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word from My mouth and warn them for me” (Ezekiel 33:7). What is God’s message to modern Israel, preserved for our day through the pen of the prophet Ezekiel?

“Now, son of man, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? Yes, show her all her abominations!… You have become guilty by the blood which you have shed, and have defiled yourself with the idols which you have made” (Ezekiel 22:2–4). In addition to violence and idolatry, God inspired Ezekiel to indict Israel for immorality, including adultery and incest (vv. 9–11). Also, he talks about the breakdown of the family structure and the grinding down of the needy and defenseless (v. 7). Additionally, God thunders at our peoples: “You have despised My holy things and profaned My Sabbaths” (v. 8). The 4th Commandment: Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy
6 Days shall you labour and do all your work,
But the 7th day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God
In it thou shalt do no work
You nor your son nor your daughter or man servant or your maid servant or you donkey nor your ass nor the stranger nor any that is within thy gates
For on the 7th day the rested and hallowed it.

The book of Ezekiel contains an indictment of national sins, a call to repentance, and a proclamation of God’s impending judgment. It also goes on beyond the coming judgment to look forward to a time of restoration after Christ’s return.

Collectively all our peoples have turned further and further away from God in our actions, even while still calling themselves “Christian nations.” Our national sins are an affront to Almighty God, Who has poured out upon us the choicest blessings of Heaven!

Rehoboam suffered a bad outcome. What were the sins of Solomon’s son?

He allowed idol worship and in a move toward ecumenism and tolerance toward the Canaanite pagans, he permitted the practice of male pagan shrine prostitutes, an abomination to Yahweh. The people of Judah were in spiritual and moral corruption.

What judgment did Yahweh bring against Judah to bring the people back into covenant reconciliation with Him? Remember God’s judgment is always meant to be redemptive’the goal is always repentance and restoration of fellowship.

There are coming on the English-speaking peoples, the modern-day House of Israel, problems that we can scarcely imagine. God declares that He will “break the staff of bread” (Ezekiel 4:16). He speaks of a time of famine and desolation when the cities will be laid waste (12:20). As unthinkable as this may seem to modern Americans, Canadians and Britons, God Almighty says that such things are coming!

The New World Order –
A great supra-national union one world religion and currency in Europe and America with the vatican even now shaping up, will become the seventh and final revival of the old Roman Empire. This system, according to Revelation 13 and 17, will come to dominate the entire world for a brief period of time. It is this powerful superpower which will ultimately attack and subjugate the the English speaking world. It will also occupy the Jewish state, called Israel, in the Middle East.

The people are complacent and materialistic. They have forgotten their Maker and ignored His Holy instruction book, the Bible. Yes, there is a day of reckoning coming! Most of you reading this can expect to see it come in your lifetime.

There is a way of escape for you and your family, however. “‘Do I have any pleasure at all that the wicked should die?’ says the Lord God, ‘and not that he should turn from his ways and live?… Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways,’ says the Lord God. ‘Repent, and turn from all your transgression, so that iniquity will not be your ruin. Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit. For why should you die, O house of Israel? For I have no pleasure in the death of one who dies,’ says the Lord God. ‘Therefore turn and live!'” (Ezekiel 18:23, 30–32).

God’s desire is for repentance, not punishment. For many, however, God will only get their attention through severe national punishment. Many simply will not pay attention to a message of warning until their world comes crashing down upon them.

Ezekiel’s message of warning and of hope to the modern-day House of Israel. It is vital that you, and all of the people of our Israelitish nations, understand what God’s word says is in store and then that you act upon that understanding!

Unfolding Events of the Years Ahead
Coming threats of catastrophic economic and social collapse will set the stage for some soon-coming events, according to Bible prophecy. In answer to growing fears, there will suddenly emerge onto the world scene a powerful and charismatic leader, perhaps in Europe. In alliance with a religious leader who will ignite an emotional mass hysteria through what the scripture terms “lying wonders” (2 Thessalonians 2:9), this military-political leader will use deceit to achieve great power. He will lead a revived Holy Roman Empire, called in scripture “Babylon the Great” (Revelation 17; 18).

This so called New World Order is nothing new under thw sun. An image of the original Babylonian religion in Euro Vatican style setting. The union of church and state will promise universal prosperity and will exercise worldwide economic dominance for a short while. Ezekiel 27, using the figure of the ancient commercial city of Tyre, speaks of this global economic combine which will include nations of Europe, Africa, Latin America, and Asia along with Israel and Judah (v. 17). Portions of Ezekiel 27 are paraphrased or quoted in Revelation 18 where the end-time system, called Babylon the Great, is described.

The English-speaking nations will not prosper for long in connection with this system, however. In fact, they will ultimately be overpowered by invoking martial law and come under control of it willingly, but the be destroyed by it militarily. As its motto will be Peace peace, the comes sudden destruction. Pax Romana. Prior to military attack and occupation, devastating weather problems, combined with internal civil strife (“tumults in the midst” cf. Amos 3:9) will bring our nations to the point of internal collapse.

“My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge,” God inspired the prophet Hosea to write (Hosea 4:6). We have rejected the knowledge of God and His ways. The more we have prospered materially, the more our sins have increased (vv. 7–8). It appears that immorality and substance abuse have sapped and destroyed our national spirit (v. 11).

God inspired Amos to prophesy of this time of serious drought and water rationing, coupled with massive crop failures and disease epidemics (Amos 4:7–10). “Therefore this will I do to you O Israel; and because I will do this to you, Prepare to meet your God, O Israel! For behold, He who forms mountains and creates the wind, who declares to man what his thought is, and makes the morning darkness, who treads the high places of the earth the Lord God of hosts is His name” (vv. 12–13).

Jeremiah the prophet calls this coming time of national calamity “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jeremiah 30:7). He states that it will be a time worse than any other time in human history. Jesus Christ spoke of this very same period of time in Matthew 24:21: “For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.” There surely cannot be two times of trouble worse than any other, so clearly the Great Tribulation is a time of trouble and punishment for Israel. Punishment is not the end of the story, however!

Future Deliverance and Restoration –
The prophet Ezekiel speaks of a future time when Israel will be regathered after the return of the Messiah in power and glory. “‘The Gentiles shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity, because they were unfaithful to Me… According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions I have dealt with them, and hidden My face from them.’ Therefore thus says the Lord God, ‘Now I will bring back the captives of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel…then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their own land, and left none of them captive any longer'” (Ezekiel 39:23–28).

Isaiah also looked forward to that time when God would again choose Israel and restore them to their own land (Isaiah 14:1). God would give them rest from their sorrows, their fears, and the hard bondage they had experienced (v. 3). Israel would be regathered from captivity and would “blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit” (27:6). They would begin to rebuild the old ruined cities which had lain desolate and deserted for a period of years (61:4). Our people, after the coming punishment of the Tribulation has finally brought them to repentance, will be regathered from the nations of their future captivity. God inspired Ezekiel to describe the true national conversion of Israel which will follow. This will be a prelude to the conversion of the whole world. “I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you… I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them” (36:25–27).

Christ will have returned and the saints will have been resurrected to rule and reign with Him (Revelation 20:6). Again, we see in a number of places that ancient King David will be among those resurrected.

David –

2 Sam. 7:8Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: 9And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. 10Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, 11And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. 12And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 14I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 15But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. 16And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

Christ born from the bloodline of his house, will actually be the direct ruler over regathered Israel as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Revelation 19:16, (Ezekiel 37:24).
Isa. 11:1And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

Isa. 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.

By branch is meant a descendent of David. A man who would sit on the throne of David and whose family tree would go back to Adam. [Adam ðSeth ðShem ð Abraham ð Isaac ð Jacob ð Judah ð David ð Messiah]

Messiah –
Mat. 1:1The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Root –

Isa. 11:10And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

Rev. 5:5And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Rev. 22:16I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

By root is meant the origin of David. Something more than just a man, more than a descendent of David – Creator God.

The root of David is seen in the plurality of the Godhead as God the Son. He is also known in the Old Testament as the Angel of the Lord.

Gen. 16:7And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. 8And he said, Hagar, Sarai’s maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai. 9And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands. 10And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. 11And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. 12And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man’s hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. 13And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me? 14Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.

Mal. 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.

Other Old Testament declarations of the Messiah as God –

Psa. 110:1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Isa. 7:14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. The meaning of the name Immanuel translates as, “God is among us.”

Isa. 9:6For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. 7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Zechariah 3:8

My Servant, the Branch and the Stone

Zechariah chapter three is a vision of “Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD.” He is standing because he is conducting his priestly duties representing the nation Israel (Deut. 10:8; 2 Chron. 29:11). This not Joshua, the son of Nunn, whom we encounter in the book of Joshua. This Joshua is a type of the high priest of Israel who is to come because he and his priestly companions are said to be “men symbolic of things to come” (v. 8).

Satan defined as “the Accusor,” is seen standing at the right hand of Joshua accusing him before the Angel of the LORD. The presence of Satan changes the scene from a priestly one to judicial. Because of God’s gracious love and choice of Israel the Angel of the LORD acquits Joshua. The basis of the rebuke is God’s choice of Israel. Walvoord and Zuck note that in the figure before us just as “the high priest represented the entire nation on the Day of atonement, so here Joshua the high priest was accused and acquitted on behalf of the nation Israel.” The acquittal took the form of removing the filthy garments (vv. 3-5) and clothing Joshua with a clean garment.

Hengstenberg notes the Messiah “could be represented as the antitype of the priesthood, only so far as he was to effect in the most perfect manner that mediation and expiation which had been but partially effected by the later.”

The Angel of the LORD

The Angel of the LORD is to be identified as the preincarnate Christ. He speaks as LORD and yet distinguishes Himself from the LORD when He addresses Satan. Moreover, He virtually forgives sins. “The LORD said to Satan . . . “The LORD rebuke you, Satan!’” (v. 2). In verse four the Angel of the LORD says, “See, I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes.”

“Now listen, Joshua the high priest, you and your friends who are sitting in front of you—indeed they are men who are a symbol, for behold, I am going to bring in My servant the Branch. For behold, the stone that I have set before Joshua; on one stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave an inscription on it,’ declares the Lord of hosts, ‘and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. In that day,’ declares the Lord of hosts, ‘every one of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and under his fig tree’ ” (vv. 8-10).

Joshua and his companions prefigured the future cleansing of the nation. Of course, this future cleansing is linked to the one who comes in the future with three messianic titles. He is revealed here as My Servant, the Branch and the Stone.
My Servant

As the Servant of Yahweh, we know from the prophet Isaiah that Jesus Christ came to do the Father’s will (Isa. 42:1; 49:3-4; 50:10; 52:13; 53:11; Ezek. 34:23-24). Zechariah probably has in mind Isaiah 52-53 because he says in verse nine the Messiah will remove the iniquity of the land. He is the Lord’s Servant because of His willing, patient and perfect obedience to His Father (Ps. 40:6-8; Isa. 42:1ff; 49:1-5; 52:13ff; 53:1f). In John 5:30 Jesus said, “I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.”

The Branch

Jesus Christ is the humble descendent of king David who will bring the kingdom out of its fallen state and reign in power and glory (Isa. 4:2; 11:1; Jer. 23:5; 33:15; Zech. 6:12-13).

“I am going to bring My Servant the Branch,” Zemach, or literally “the Sprout.” Zechariah uses the word simply as a proper name for the Messiah. “My servant Branch” is exactly the same as Ezekiel’s “My Servant David” (Ezek. 34:23-24; 27:24). The idea comes from Jeremiah 23:5; 33:15, where the promise is given that a righteous Sprout or a Sprout of righteousness shall be raised up to Jacob. Jeremiah used the figure of the descendent of David who would create righteousness upon the earth and the Branch of Yahweh (cf. Isa. 11:1-2). The Messiah is to spring up as a rod out of the stem of Jesse that has been hewn down, or as a root-shoot out of dry ground. The Branch denotes the Messiah in His origin from the family of David that has fallen into humiliation. The sprout will grow up from its original state of humiliation to exaltation and glory. In Zechariah the deeply humiliated priesthood is exalted by the grace of God into a type of the Messiah. The removal of iniquity is the exclusive work of the Messiah. The early Jews admitted that “the servant of the Lord, Zemach” meant the Messaiah. For it is testified, you are a priest in the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 7:17)

This is where the Diciples of Jesus Christ and Jews of their day assumed that his kingdom would be established in the world as they knew it in their day and why they were so concerned which one of them would sit on his right hand of his throne.
This is also where the idea that each of the 12 Apostles will be directly ruling over one of the 12 tribes (Luke 22:29–30).
Cross References
Matthew 5:3
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:10
Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 25:21
His lord said to him, Well done, you good and faithful servant: you have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things: enter you into the joy of your lord. This text is also understood to have to do with earth’s stewardship which would then become universal garden to be in charge of.

2 Timothy 2:12
If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us:

At this glorious time, when God’s Kingdom will rule over all nations with Christ governing directly from Jerusalem, “‘The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox, and dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,’ says the Lord” (Isaiah 65:25).

Revelation 21:5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

6 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. 7 Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children. 8 But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.”

Yet before this prophesied time of peace, the peoples of the United States and Great Britain will have endured a time of great trial. God’s punishment on these nations will come swiftly and amaze the whole world. Only those who have turned fully to God will be spared. The nations will be shaken (Ezekiel 36:24–32).

Like Phaoroah who hardened his heart and refused Moses, to let the people go and then consequently, suffered all the plagues of Egypt, so it is that if people do not come out of the metaphoric (spiritual) Babylon, they will share in her plagues. As the old testament symbology was a shadow of things yet to come. Collisions 2:17 These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ. Christ literally. Christ meaning the “Messiah” in the Greek.

Babylon Is Fallen –

…3For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. 4And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that you be not partakers of her sins, and that you receive not of her plagues. 5For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities. … Harking all the way back throughout the scriptures to even Genesis mention of the Tower of Babel which displeased God so that he destroyed it and confounded the people’s language and splitting up the earth into separate continents and islands that the people would be dispersed. The tower of Babel was built of 7 tiers winding to a temple on top to the reaches of what the builders of ziggurats termed, 7th heaven, that they may be as gods. Nimrod said to be the founder if Babylon. Upon his death, The myth of Nimrod’s wife spawned that on his death, he was reincarnated on the Moon and had his throne on the Sun where Saturn made him a god. Nimrod has been credited as founder of the first city of Babylon. His wife spun a story to deified herself upon his death, presumptively declaring herself a goddess. The false religion spawned are the roots of pagan Babylon and Sun worship and Moon and female goddess of fertility worship was embedded in that ancient center. Rehashing the deception the Serpent had fed to Eve, that they would be as gods. The serpentine architecture, winding to the top of the tower, where it’s temple was located with alters to vegetation and fertility. Which harks back to the sacrificial alter of vegetation of Cain’s, which displeased God who had required the sacrificial death of an unblemished lamb. The children of Cain were the daughters of this corrupted worship and murderous lot that filled the earth with wickedness which God destroyed the world with the great Flood in the time of Noah. For a hundred years everyone was warned to repent and then get in the ark to escape the great deluge, but only Noah and his family listened and were saved. This would explain the bottleneck that geneticists found occurred deep in human history. They found the earths human population of our ancestors sprang from one male and female, which it multiplied from exponentially until it suddenly dwindled to just several at one critical point. It then multiplied exponentially from there throughout the following millennia to present time.

Genesis 19:14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
Isaiah 48:20 Leave Babylon, flee from the Babylonians! Announce this with shouts of joy and proclaim it. Send it out to the ends of the earth; say, “The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob.”
Isaiah 52:11 Depart, depart, go out from there! Touch no unclean thing! Come out from it and be pure, you who carry the articles of the LORD’s house.
Jeremiah 50:8 “Flee out of Babylon; leave the land of the Babylonians, and be like the goats that lead the flock.
Jeremiah 51:6 “Flee from Babylon! Run for your lives! Do not be destroyed because of her sins. It is time for the LORD’s vengeance; he will repay her what she deserves.
Jeremiah 51:9 “‘We would have healed Babylon, but she cannot be healed; let us leave her and each go to our own land, for her judgment reaches to the skies, it rises as high as the heavens.’
Jeremiah 51:45 “Come out of her, my people! Run for your lives! Run from the fierce anger of the LORD.
2 Corinthians 6:17 Therefore, “Come out from them and be separate, says the Lord. Touch no unclean thing, and I will receive you.”

There are two ways to learn our lessons in this life, the easy way or the hard way. Our nations as a whole appear destined to learn their lessons the hard way.

What about you, personally? Will you heed the warnings which come directly from God’s word?

We can show you the way to escape this coming holocaust before it is too late. You must be willing not merely to live and believe in God, but also accept in his plan, through which in his will he sent Jesus Christ, the Messaiah as the sacrificial lamb who he calls His only begotten Son in whom he is well pleased, of Jesus Christ, Matthew 3:17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Psalm 2:7 I will proclaim the LORD’s decree: He said to me, “You are my son; today I have become your father.
Isaiah 42:1 “Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will bring justice to the nations.
Matthew 12:18 “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
Matthew 17:5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!”
Mark 1:11 And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”
Mark 9:7 Then a cloud appeared and covered them, and a voice came from the cloud: “This is my Son, whom I love. Listen to him!”
Luke 3:22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”
Luke 9:35 A voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is my Son, whom I have chosen; listen to him.”
John 5:20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these, so that you will be amazed.
John 5:37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me. You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,
John 12:28 Father, glorify your name!” Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it, and will glorify it again.”
Ephesians 1:6 to the praise of his glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves.
To do what God commands out of love.

A Declaration of the words of the living God, this extraordinary voice from heaven, which was formed of articulate sounds for the sake of John; and, according to the other Evangelists, was directed to Christ, Mark 1:11 expressed the following words, “this is my beloved Son”. “This” person, who had been baptized in water, which represents being born, on whom the holy Spirit now rested, is no other than the Son of God in human nature; which he assumed, in order to be obedient to this, and the whole of his Father’s will: he is his own proper “son”, not by creation, as angels, and men; nor by adoption, as saints; nor by office, as magistrates; but in such a way of filiation as no other is: he is the natural, essential, and only begotten Son of God; his beloved Son, whom the Father loved from everlasting, as his own Son; the image of himself, of the same nature with him, and possessed of the same perfections; whom he loved, and continued to love in time, though clothed with human nature, and the infirmities of it; appearing in the likeness of sinful flesh; being in his state of humiliation, he loved him through it, and all sorrows and sufferings that attended it. Christ always was, and ever will be considered, both in his person as the Son of God, and in his office as mediator, the object of his love and delight; wherefore he adds,

in whom I am well pleased. Jehovah the Father took infinite delight and pleasure in him as his own Son, who lay in his bosom before all worlds; and was well pleased with him in his office relation, and capacity: he was both well pleased in him as his Son, and delighted in him as his servant, Isaiah 42:1 he was pleased with his assumption of human nature; with his whole obedience to the law; and with his bearing the penalty and curse of it, in the room and stead of his people: he was well pleased with and for his righteousness, sacrifice and atonement; whereby his law was fulfilled, and his justice satisfied. God is not only well pleased in, and with his Son, but with all his people, as considered in him; in him he loves them, takes delight in them, is pacified towards them, and graciously accepts of them. A voice was heard from the “father” in heaven, bearing witness to “the Son” in human nature on earth, on whom “the Spirit” had descended and now abode. Add to all this, that since this declaration was immediately upon the baptism of Christ, it shows that his Father highly approved of, and was well pleased with his submission to that ordinance; and which should be an encouraging motive to all believers to follow him in it. The blood of Christ covers those who love and obey God and believe in his plan of redemption from his word. His Grace is sufficient to cover all their sins.

You would have to be willing to seek to know the true God in a way you have never done before and accept him with love in your heart! You must be willing to “come out” of this modern Babylon, its ideas and practices, its false religions, idolizing and philosophies and devote yourself to earnestly study and to “live by every word of God” (Luke 4:4).

The choice is yours to make! May God help you to choose rightly.

That you be God’s people and he be your God, even on a most personal level. A sign of God’s people is their true love for him and fellow men. The sign of Gods people is their willing obedience to his command to remember the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, the number 7 day of the week. A rhythm that is found to be written in the cells of the human body as a law of nature. The 7th day made holy by God the creator. As in music which some interpret as the way God spoke creation into existence, there are notes for sounds and what are called rest notes which nothing is played or sounded, but is counted in the measure as part of what makes up the rhythm. Rests create a dramatic pause. Rests of God are without stress or force. There is no unrest there, which is where the devil operates. That is the divinely instilled order of God which he blessed and made holy to commemorate his creation masterpiece.. Who is on key with God and follows his order as an orchestra is conducted by a Meistro, conducts himself in the key signature it is written in. The word of God. The 7th Day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. This is the dividing line commandment of the commandments of God that were were written in stone by the finger if God and handed to Moses to be placed in the Ark of the covenant which was a copy of the one that is in heaven. The first 4 commandments define the duty of man to God. The 5th through the 10th define mans duty to fellow man. But the 4th commandment seals the soul with Gods name on their forehead when the worship of God is honored according to his explicit will on this Day. It commemorates God as their creator. To know and understand this choice is the pivotal point where the axis of good and evil shift. Everyone on the face of the earth will be told of this and will be put in a position to choose which they shall serve. To serve by humbly submitting their will to the true God who created them out of love in their (Elohim) image to the glory of God, for that stated purpose. Or, to serve the imposter to the throne, the Dragon, the Accusor, the serpant, the ant-christ in his various forms, the devil Satan and his demonic hordes by default. The false deification and worship involving the Sun which is rooted in the imposter’s religion or church, the woman, whore and her daughters the whires of Babylon. Choose before the curtain in heaven is closed and he who is declared rightiousness at that moment remains rightiousness forever in eternity, and he who is unrighteousness is doomed with the wicked to be cut off from inheriting the kingdom of heaven. That deadly contaminated branch will be thrown in the fire that will destroy and cleanse the world and universe from the contamination to make way for a new heaven and earth to bring the holy city down upon. Where the Sabbath and new Moons will be celebrated for eternity with God who will reside his presence among his people as their loving king, where they are invited in to the joy of his rest.

EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH

Role Reversal Refuted!

By

Robert Phillips

“And Jacob said unto Joseph. .. thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine… And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near unto him. And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn. And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth. And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head unto Manasseh’s head And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father:for this is the firstbom; put thy right hand upon his head. And his father refused, and said, I know it,my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great:but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.And he blessed them thatday, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.” – (GENESIS 48:3-20)

To fully appreciate the significance of the blessing of Joseph’s two sons, we need to understand some background with regard to both history and prophecy in relation to Israel. The promises to the tribes of Israel were specifically reserved for the “LAST DAYS”, or “CHRISTIAN ERA” – Genesis 49:1, Hebrews 1:1,2. The rebellion of the ten tribes in the North, against the Throne of David, in the time of Solomon’s son, Rehoboam, is foretold in 1 Kings 11:9-13, and 29-32. This northern ten-tribe division retained the name ISRAEL.The tribe of Judah, in the South, were granted the loyal support of the tribe of Benjamin, and were collectively known as JUDAH. Understanding this division of ISRAEL and JUDAH is essential, in order to rightly apply prophecy. 2 Kings 17 gives a summary of how, because of sin, God took ten-tribe ISRAEL away from the throne of Judah, and eventually caused them to go into exile in Assyria. They did not return! The fact is,both Ezra and Nehemiah record that only 42,360 of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, returned to Judea from exile in Babylon, together with a “mixed multitude” see Ezra 2:64, Nehemiah 7:66, 13:3. From these, the Jews of Jesus’ day descended. It is clear therefore, that to identify ISRAEL in both history and prophecy we have to distinguish Israel from the Jews. It was prophesied that ISRAEL would lose their identity, God referring to them as “not my people”, in other words, a people who would not be identified as Israel (Hosea 1:10, 2:23), yet we may identify Israel by the destiny they were to fulfil! I Chronicles 5:1 tells us the “BIRTHRIGHT was given unto the SONS OF JOSEPH”. This means that, through the descendants of the SONS OF JOSEPH, God would fulfil the great promises of Israel’s greatness! That greatness included the promise given to Jacob in Genesis 35:11:

“I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply: a NATION and a COMPANY OF NATIONS shall be of thee, and Kings shall come out of thy loins… ”

Clearly ISRAEL was to be a NATION with a MONARCHY, which would expand to become a “COMPANY OF NATIONS”!

The account of the blessing of Joseph’s sons, EPHRAIM and MANASSEH, is recorded in Genesis Chapter 48. It is staggering that Jacob chose his grandsons, the sons of Joseph to be bearers of the BIRTHRIGHT. That birthright was the passing on of the promises given to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob himself! This included the promise given to Jacob, that his seed would become a “NATION AND COMPANY OF NATIONS”! The reason was that, though they were actually his grandsons, Jacob adopted the sons of Joseph as his own sons. It was, in fact, the highest honour he could give to Joseph, that his sons would not only be equal with the other sons of Jacob, but would have the birthright. Yet Jacob went further than this. Although Manasseh was the elder of the two lads, whilst giving both EPHRAIM and MANASSEH a share of the birthright, Jacob gave the firstborn-portion to EPHRAIM! In fact, Ephraim is God’s firstborn! (Jeremiah 31:9)

To identify modern ISRAEL,we are clearly looking for a people who, though not recognised as Israel, have the hallmarks of Israel-identity. God had told Abraham his seed would be GREAT and their name “GREAT”! Jacob’s descendants were to become a “NATION AND COMPANY OF NATIONS”, a prophecy entailed in the birthright given to the sons of Joseph.

The indisputable fact that no other Nation is named “GREAT”,or has become a Company or Commonwealth of Nations in precisely this way, is in itself irrefutable proof that GREAT BRITAIN is EPHRAIM, and that the prophecy had firstborn fulfilment in the Nation of Great Britain and its Commonwealth of Nations, the “Multitude of Nations” prophesied by Jacob. The Roman Empire, at its height, tyrannically ruled approximately a quarter of the then known world. At its height, the benign British Empire ruled over a third of the earth’s surface, becoming the greatest Empire of all time, its “branches ran over the wall!”(Genesis 49:22.) Many of these nations now have independence, yet Queen Elizabeth II remains “Head of the Commonwealth”, representing over 30% of the world’s population.

The portion of the birthright given to MANASSEH is unquestionably fulfilled in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Joseph represented the greatest, richest power on earth in his day, and that blessing was passed on to both his sons, first Ephraim and second Manasseh. Ephraim’s position has diminished, at this time, partly for reasons of judgment, and partly to allow Manasseh to enjoy, in turn, Joseph’s pre-eminence in wealth and power. But this does not alter history, or reverse Ephraim’s prophetic mandate.

Recently, there have been attempts by some Anglo-Israel believers, mainly in America, to reverse the identities of Ephraim and Manasseh. Those who take the position that America is Ephraim, argue that the “STATES” fulfil the criteria of a “COMPANY OF NATIONS”.

Now, I love America, and have many wonderful Christian friends there, some of whom may differ from me on this. I certainly have no wish to give offence, but I believe truth is paramount. Iwould prefer it if an American had written this article, however I am glad that there are also many American Anglo-Israel believers who agree with me on this issue. The U.S.A. declares itself to be “one Nation under God”, a single NATION or REPUBLIC, constituting a FEDERATION OF STATES, NOT a “COMPANY OF NATIONS”! It is, in fact, a dangerous position to take, to attempt to uncross Jacob’s hands and usurp Ephraim’s mandate. AMERICA precisely fulfils MANASSEH’S role. Indeed, the amazing accuracy of this prophecy is awesome! Even the use of words is significant. MANASSEH was to become a GREAT PEOPLE! The word “people” (in contrast to a “company of nations”) is significant, suggesting Manasseh would become a REPUBLIC, as distinct from a MONARCHY! The word “people” means a “multitude gathered as a unit”, which is exactly what the UNITED STATES OFAMERICA is. Undoubtedly, a broad representation of Israel tribes is gathered in AMERICA under the leadership of the MANASSEH branch of the BIRTHRIGHT PEOPLE!

Those who contend for the ‘America-Ephraim’ theory use arguments including the following:

(1) It has been said that since America is younger than Britain, then America must be Ephraim, because he was the younger of the two sons. We will show that in fact, the opposite is true.

(2) Some quote the verse: “The elder shall serve the younger”, as though it implies that America (the ‘younger’) will be greater than Britain, the ‘elder’ (Genesis 25:23). In fact, this verse refers to the relationship of Jacob and Esau, and has nothing whatsoever to do with Ephraim and Manasseh. Both America and Britain have supported each other, especially in international military conflict, as prophesied, but neither is subservient to the other.

(3) Some have sought proof of ‘Ephraimite’ identity from the fact that America has some of the world’s most verdant resources (Isaiah 28:1). However, often prophecies addressed to “EPHRAIM” as the leading tribe, apply to Israel in general. In fact, all territories possessed by both Ephraim and Manasseh are areas of great abundance, blessing and natural resources.

(4) Some claim the reference in Isaiah 28:1 to “Ephraim” being “drunk with wine” identifies the U.S.A. rather than Britain, since Britain’s national drink is beer. Again this verse applies to the Israel nations as a whole, which all have a major alcohol problem. The Hebrew word for “wine” is “yayin” which is applicable to light alcohol in general. Although many men still prefer ale, beer or lager, not only is wine made in Britain, but also it is becoming a major wine consuming nation. In fact alcohol consumption is equally varied in both Britain and America. However, reference to being “drunk with wine” can also be symbolic in prophecy.

(5) One writer states that the “wild ox”, which characterises America, is a symbol of Ephraim. He has it the wrong way round! The “wild ox” does represent America, but is the symbol of Manasseh! The “bull”, a symbol of Britain (“John Bull”), is Ephraim (Deuteronomy 33:17).

In fact, the attempts of some American-Israel believers to reverse the identities of Ephraim and Manasseh ironically add weight to American-Manasseh identity, as one of the meanings of “manasseh” is “forgetting”, and in order to make their case, they have to FORGET 300 YEARS OF HISTORY! With the greatest admiration for the U.S.A. – a truly GREAT PEOPLE – frankly, it has to be said that the case for claiming the U.S.A. is Ephraim cannot be made, as from the standpoint of history, there never has been a greater power than Great Britain, which ruled, and through the Commonwealth still influences a third of the world’s population!

The following are 12 Reasons why Ephraim is Britain and Manasseh is America and why the Roles cannot be Reversed:

(1) Jacob placed Ephraim BEFORE Manasseh, and he was called the FIRSTBORN:

Those who take the ‘Ephraim-U.S.A.’ position do so precisely on the grounds that America is the younger, as was Ephraim.Yet this undermines the whole point of the ‘Ephraim Blessing’, which was to set him before Manasseh. The term “firstborn” in both Hebrew and Greek Scriptures consistently means literally first-born!

As the younger son, for Ephraim to become the firstborn would mean his offspring would be literally first-born into their prophetic identity, fulfilling their destiny first! Since America is the younger of the two peoples, those who argue the ‘America-Ephraim’ theory must explain how the U.S.A. can be called the ‘firstbom’ when, in relation to Great Britain, America is NOT in any sense the first-born! If Ephraim is America, then his role as ‘firstborn’ is meaningless, and he has reverted to his original position as the younger son. Though Ephraim was originally the younger son of Joseph, the order was to be reversed in prophetic destiny. This means Ephraim’s destiny was to be fulfilled before that of Manasseh, and he would fulfil the role of the FIRSTBORN of the BIRTHRIGHT of Israel. So it was that EPHRAIM- originally the younger of the two sons – became the leading tribe of Israel, and the firstborn – i.e. GREAT BRITAIN – in prophetic destiny (Genesis 48:14-19, Jeremiah 31:9).

(2) Ephraim SET BEFORE Manasseh means he would be FIRST in both time and greatness:

The terms “set” and “before” both relate to order in terms of position and time. It is significant that of several Hebrew words of similar meaning, the words employed have to do with “setting in order” both in the sense of occurrence and importance. Since Great Britain came into being before the U.S.A. and at its height was greater in power and influence than any other nation before or since, where are the grounds for saying the U.S.A. is Ephraim, when quite clearly the opposite is true? The ‘American-Ephraim’ argument is, of course, based on the unquestioned fact that America is, today, the largest economy and greatest military power. This, however, far from proving the theory, actually supports the U.S.A. – Manasseh identity.

Since both sons shared the birthright, including Joseph’s legacy of pre-eminence, then each would have to take that position in his order – first EPHRAIM – Great Britain, second – MANASSEH- U.S.A. The fact that Britain entered into the height of its power in the 19th Century and America in the mid-20th Century bears this out. However, since the birthright is shared, neither can be completely independent of the other, so America and Britain have supported each other in World Conflicts in the prophesied Anglo-American Alliance (Deuteronomy 33:17). However, it is true to say both America and Great Britain are experiencing judgment and diminished influence in many respects, at this time, and there is every Biblical reason to believe both will ultimately be restored to their full greatness as part of God’s restoration of all Israel

(3) Manasseh would become a “GREAT PEOPLE”- AFTER Ephraim:

Though Manasseh was originally the elder son of Joseph, the order would be reversed in prophetic destiny. Jacob placed Ephraim before Manasseh. Yet, although Ephraim’s destiny was to be fulfilled first, Manasseh would also become a “GREAT PEOPLE”.The word “also” means “additionally” or “subsequently”, affirming that EPHRAIM would be before MANASSEH in coming to greatness and that MANASSEH – originally the first – would be the second of the two sons to come to greatness- i.e.U.S.A. – in prophetic fulfilment (Genesis 48:14-19.)

As MANASSEH historically occupied territory divided by water (River Jordan), so MANASSEH-U.S.A. today, is also divided by water from its families who remained in the British Isles. Those who hold to the ‘America-Ephraim’ theory, also contend that Britain is predominantly ‘Manasseh’. To take this position, they have to explain why, if America is Ephraim, it was Britain, not America, that was the firstborn in prophetic fulfilment, since the Ephraim “multitude of nations” – not Manasseh, the “great people” – were to be the firstborn! They must explain why, if Britain is ‘Manasseh’, Jacob’s prophecy specified that Manasseh was to become a “great people” after Ephraim! Obviously, all of these facts identify MANASSEH, not Ephraim, as AMERICA!

(4) Manasseh would be a REPUBLIC with a REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT, not a MONARCHY!

MANASSEH was to become a GREAT PEOPLE! The use of the word “people” in contrast to “company of nations” is significant, and implies a REPUBLIC, as distinct from a MONARCHY! The term “people” is very distinctive, meaning a “multitude gathered as a unit”, which is precisely what the United States of America is! It also implies diversity, suggesting Manasseh would become a Federation of States, yet “One Nation Under God”. Significantly, one of the meanings of the name “Manasseh” itself is RESPONSIBLE REPRESENTATION – NOT MONARCHY!

(5) America is Manasseh and Britain is Ephraim – confirmed by Prophetic Time Calculation:

The subjugation of the tribe of Manasseh to Assyria actually began in 745 B.C. If we calculate from this date the prophesied chastisement of 2520 years (i.e. the prophetic “seven times” Leviticus 26:24, 28) we arrive at A.D.1775-6, precisely when the 13 States signed their Declaration, and obtained Independence from Great Britain.

Ephraim was exiled to Assyria in 720 B.C. Calculating “7 Times” from that date we arrive at 1801 A.D. That very year, Great Britain became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

(6) America is Manasseh because Manasseh is the 13th Tribe:

When Jacob blessed Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, he adopted them as his sons, which placed them on a par with the other tribes. This meant Joseph was now represented by two tribes, making an overall total of thirteen tribes. Since Jacob “set Ephraim before Manasseh”, this meant MANASSEH was the THIRTEENTH tribe of Israel.

The prominence of the number 13 identifies AMERICA with MANASSEH the 13th Tribe:

1. 13 States signed The Declaration of Independence.

2. 13 Stars are above the Eagle on the American Seal.

3. 13 Letters form the motto ‘E Pluribus Unum’ – ‘one of many’.

4. 13 Leaves are on the Olive Branch, on the left talon

5. 13 Olives also, are on the left talon of the U.S. Seal

6. 13 Arrows are on the right talon of the Shield

7. 13 Stripes are featured on the Shield

8. 13 Stars were on the original U.S. Flag – ‘Old Glory’

9.13 Stripes also, were on ‘Old Glory’

10. 13 Stripes still feature on the current Flag of the U.S.A.

(7) America is Manasseh because of the meaning of the name:

1. ‘Forgetting’- this primary meaning characterises America’s pioneer spirit “Forgetting what lies behind and reaching forward to what lies ahead” (Philippians 3:13- N.A.S.).

2. ‘Responsible Representation’- this is prophetic of America’s Republican Constitution and affirms Manasseh would be a Republic, not a Monarchy!

3. ‘HaMachir’ – It is said that America was named after Americo Vespucci. Apparently, this same man was referred to in Hebrew manuscripts under the name ‘HaMachir’, from which the name ‘Americo’ derives. ‘HaMachir’ means ‘from Machir’. Machir was the firstborn son of Manasseh (Genesis 50: 23). Therefore the very name ‘America’ identifies the offspring of Manasseh. Of significance also is the fact that the word ‘machir’ denotes the principle of Salesmanship or Capitalism – doesn’t that sound like America?

(8) Britain is Ephraim and America is Manasseh because of the population differential:

One of the marks of Israel would be that Ephraim and Manasseh “..shall push the people together to the ends of the earth [a clear reference to the Anglo-American alliance] and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim and they are the thousands of Manasseh” (Deuteronomy 33:17).

Now whilst this was not intended as a precise population ratio, it does indicate that EPHRAIM would in some way have a considerably larger representation than MANASSEH. However, there is only one way a distinction of this magnitude between AMERICA and GREAT BRITAIN can apply.

Please consider the following facts:

1 This distinction does not apply on a tribal basis, as descendants of both the tribes of EPHRAIM and MANASSEH are to be found in differing proportions in both BRITAIN and AMERICA, as well as other related lands. And there is no evidence of a proportionate difference on this scale between tribal EPHRAIM and MANASSEH in BRITAIN and AMERICA respectively or globally.

2 This distinction does not apply on a racial basis, if the populations of EPHRAIM and MANASSEH are calculated strictly to include only those who are truly of Israel (i.e. Anglo-Saxon-Celtic) lineage, which does not include all Caucasian peoples. America does not have ten times more than Britain and the Commonwealth. In fact the proportion is substantially higher in the British Isles, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. In overall terms, however, it has been estimated that the combined Anglo-Saxon-Celtic population of Great Britain and the Commonwealth Nations, on the one hand, and that of the U.S.A.on the other, is probably about equal, in both cases.

3 It does not apply, as some have suggested, in military terms, as forces deployed in wars have varied proportionately, and at no stage on a ten-to-one ratio.

4 This verse clearly applies, not just to EPHRAIM and MANASSEH as tribes, but as global powers, and to the “TEN THOUSANDS” and “THOUSANDS” in their respective spheres of influence. Remember, God has given Israel an inheritance amongst other races, who are citizens, or give allegiance to them respectively, or may be counted as allies in times of conflict! (Psalms 2:8.) Although by no means all AMERICAN, and BRITISH and COMMONWEALTH peoples are of Israelite stock, in terms of overall population, the U.S.A. has approx. 280 MILLION people, and GREAT BRITAIN and the COMMONWEALTH represents combined populations of 2 BILLION – approx. 30% of the world’s population give allegiance to Queen Elizabeth II, as Head of the Commonwealth.

So, in terms of overall populations and allegiance, the “THOUSANDS OF MANASSEH” and “TEN THOUSANDS OF EPHRAIM” have become the MILLIONS OF AMERICA and the combined BILLIONS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND THE COMMONWEALTH!

(9) Britain is Ephraim because Ephraim is the Leading Tribe:

The ‘American-Ephraim’ theorists have totally overlooked the fact that in order for Britain to be Manasseh, as they claim, this would have meant a complete role-reversal! It would have meant that, at the point of being re-gathered in the British Isles, ‘Manasseh’ took the leading role, whilst ‘Ephraim’ took a subordinate role until the colonisation of America. In fact, the reverse is true! This distinction does not apply on a tribal basis, as Jacob’s youngest grandson, Ephraim, was made the firstborn – the leading tribe of all Israel! Israel was divided into 4 camps consisting of 3 tribes each, and Ephraim was the leading tribe of the west camp consisting of the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh and Benjamin. That is why, when Ephraim, Manasseh and representations of Benjamin and other tribes were gathered in the British Isles, Ephraim was the leading tribe and consequently it was Ephraim’s prerogative to establish Great Britain, the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations.

Clearly EPHRAIM is the leading tribe of Great Britain and the Commonwealth of Nations. As firstborn of the birthright, EPHRAIM-BRITAIN became the greatest, richest power on earth. For this reason, as well as many others, GREAT BRITAIN is identified as EPHRAIM! The firstborn was known as the “bull” – a symbol of Great Britain (Deuteronomy 33:17).

As long as MANASSEH remained in Britain, he could not fulfil his destiny, because he would always be subordinate to EPHRAIM. The only way for MANASSEH to become the GREAT PEOPLE of Jacob’s prophecy was to be SEPARATED from EPHRAIM.

MANASSEH could not take a leadership role, or fulfil prophetic destiny, until after EPHRAIM – the firstborn and leading tribe – had entered into his inheritance. Not until MANASSEH was SEPARATED from EPHRAIM, could he also obtain his father, Joseph’s legacy, and so, in turn, MANASSEH, as the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, at this moment, occupies the prime position of wealth and power of any single Nation, reinforced by the ANGLO-AMERICAN ALLIANCE.

Let us not forget, however, that BRITAINonce occupied that position in a far greater capacity than ANY other nation, past or present! Also, whilst the riches and power of MANASSEH-U.S.A. are contained within a single republic, EPHRAIM represents the combined population, wealth and influence of GREAT BRITAIN, its MONARCHY, and COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS!

(10) Ephraim would be a “Multitude of Nations” and Manasseh a “Great People”:

The prophecy contained in Genesis 48:19 is a confirmation of Genesis 35:11, that Israel would be a Nation and Company of Nations. The major fulfilment of this prophecy to Israel was entailed in the birthright given to Ephraim and Manasseh, and it was Ephraim, the designated firstborn, who was to fulfil the greater part, becoming a Company of Nations!

One ‘Ephraim-America’ argument is that since Manasseh was to be a “great people” they must be ‘Britain’ since it is called ‘Great Britain’, and America must be Ephraim, because it is called ‘United States’, which they say means ‘community of nations’.

Although Manasseh was to be a ‘great’ people, Scripture nowhere states that Manasseh’s ‘name’ would be ‘Great’! That was reserved for the seed of Abraham and passed on to Isaac and Jacob, then to Ephraim, as the ‘firstborn’ of Israel! (Genesis 12:2.) The word ‘great’, with regard to Manasseh in Genesis 48:19, refers not to a ‘name’, but to a ‘great people’. Indeed this very verse states that Ephraim would be GREAT in a manner exceeding Manasseh, so the name “GREAT” rightly belongs, not to Manasseh but to Ephraim, the heir of the firstborn inheritance of ISRAEL!

The claim that the United States is a “company of nations”, is contradicted byAmerica’s claim to be “One Nation Under God”. America is a UNION OF STATES CONSTITUTING A FEDERAL REPUBLIC – it is not A “COMPANYOF NATIONS”. There are many nations consisting of a plurality of States, so America is not unique in that respect. The Russian Federation, for instance, is a Federation of Republics, and Germany a Federation of States. Many other Nations have States or Provinces that have a degree of self-government, but are not Nations in themselves.

“STATE – In such countries as the United States, Australia, Nigeria, Mexico, and Brazil, the term state (or a cognate) also refers to political units not sovereign themselves, but subject to the authority of the larger state or federal union.” Copyright @ 1994-2002 Encyclopcedia Britannica, Inc.

The U.S.A.consists of one, NOT many republics! America is not a ‘company of nations’ but a single nation, and its States are “political units not sovereign themselves, but subject to the authority of the larger State or Federal Union” constituting – by their own definition ONE NATION! It is emphatically not a “multitude of nations”!

The plain statement that Ephraim would be a multitude of nations refers not to a division of ‘States’ within a single Federation, but to many nations with distinctive identity,e.g. Great Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand etc. Whilst the U.S.A.cannot, in all honesty, be defined as a “multitude of nations”, the definition certainly applies to Great Britain.

The distinction between Ephraim and Manasseh is precisely the fact that Ephraim would become a “multitude of nations”. The ‘America-Ephraim’ theory, vainly attempts to make America what it is NOT, whilst blatantly denying what Britain and the Commonwealth of Nations so clearly IS!

It is, to say the least, intellectual dishonesty, to attempt to say America answers the description of Ephraim as a ‘company of nations’ whilst at the same time denying that status to Great Britain, relegating it to a ‘single nation’!

Whilst the riches and power of MANASSEH-USA are contained within a single republic, EPHRAIM represents the combined population, wealth and influence of GREAT BRITAIN, its MONARCHY, and COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS!

It is true that many of the Commonwealth Nations now have their independence. Yet it is a very interesting fact, especially in view of the claims of ‘abuses’ of British Colonialism, that the same nations that were once part of the British Empire remain Members of the Commonwealth, and honour the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth!

However, there remain many Crown Dependencies and Commonwealth Realms, over whom H.M. Queen Elizabeth II is still Sovereign Head of State – Nations such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand and many others. In fact, if as our ‘America-is-Ephraim’ friends insist, we are to recognise a ‘state’ constituted similarly to those within the U.S.A., as a ‘nation’, then if we count the Nations, States and Provinces constituting Great Britain, the Crown Dependencies and Realms alone, they total approximately twice as many as the U.S.A. On this basis, Britain and the Commonwealth would represent an even greater ‘multitude of nations’ or, by their definition, many ‘communities of nations’. But we prefer to stay within the precise meaning of the English language!

Great Britain consists of the historic Nations of the United Kingdom of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Offshore Crown Dependencies and British Overseas Territories. The 54 Nations that constitute the Commonwealth of Nations – including Commonwealth Realms such as Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and many more who retain the Queen as Head of State, as well as many independent Nation-States – all recognise the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth. In fact, including the Offshore and Overseas Territories already mentioned, Britain and the Commonwealth consist of over 70 Countries, with an overall population of almost 2 billion people, representing over 30% of the world’s population. To say this does NOT fulfil the criteria of a “Company of Nations”, is nothing short of ludicrous!

(11) The name “Ephraim” proves Britain – not America- is Ephraim:

The word “ephrayim” means “double fruitfulness” or “abundantly fruitful”. ‘American-Ephraim’ theorists refer tothe fact that America is fruitful, which it unquestionably is, in so many respects. Yet again, they miss the point! In fact, all the tribes of Israel were to share in fruitfulness, but the special fruitfulness of Israel was to be shared particularly by the birthright tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, who would become a great people and a multitude of nations (Genesis 48:4,19). However the greater, double or abundant fruitfulness of Israel, to be fulfilled by Ephraim, was the prerogative to fulfil the primary mandate, to “be fruitful and multiply”, becoming a company or multitude of nations with a monarchy (see Genesis 35:11 with 28:3 and 48:4).

The greater fruitfulness was to be fulfilled in being multiplied into a multitude of nations! This has not been fulfilled by America!

Addressing the ISLES, God said:

“The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall say again in thine ears, The place is too strait for me: give place to me that I may dwell” – (Isaiah 49:20).

This was a very clear reference to the fact that after the ISLES had lost the first offspring-nation (a clear prophecy of the birth and Independence of America), other offspring nations would be formed, in the process of expansion. It was in fact, Great Britain who, after losing its first colony (U.S.A.) went on to multiply into a multitude of nations with world-wide territories. With respect, as great as America is, it has not multiplied itself in this way. It was not America who gave birth to Canada, Australia, New Zealand and about 50 other colonies, eventually making them self-governing nations – but Great Britain! Regardless of what claims may be made, it is frankly, not America, but Britain that has fulfilled the Ephraim-mandate!

(12) As the “Firstborn”, Ephraim would have the primary hallmarks of Israel Identity:

Israel was to be a great nation, actually named “GREAT” (Genesis 12:2).The word “name” here is more than a descriptive term, but is a word commonly used with reference to a NAME! The double use of “great”, coupled with the word “name” indicates that Israel would not only be great but would actually be named “GREAT”!

They were to be relocated in ISLES, in the North-West (Isaiah 41:1, 8, 42:4, 49:1-3,12). They would number many millions, and would possess the “gates of their enemies” (Genesis 22:17, 24:60). They would “dwell in the midst of the earth” (Genesis 48:16) and be a colonising people (Isaiah 49:20). They would be a monarchy whose ‘hand’ or power-base would be “IN THE SEA” [i.e. in ISLES] (Psalm 89:25). Each of these marks of identity has been fulfilled by Great Britain.

Britain’s Ephraim-Mandate is evident in that it was Britain that colonised and built the world’s greatest Empire, and established its Commonwealth of Nations. It was Britain that led the way in Industrial Revolution. Britain was in the forefront of many major technological and engineering developments, including building the first modern computer.

In fact, there have sadly been attempts to re-write history, in order to play-down or ignore the significant role played by Britain, in major technological, scientific and military achievements.

For a number of years America has been enjoying Manasseh’s portion of the birthright. Some believe that, although Jacob appointed his younger brother Ephraim as Israel’s firstborn, this did not prejudice Manasseh’s inheritance as Joseph’s firstborn. In other words, whilst Ephraim would inherit the primary Israel birthright, territorial blessing and monarchy, Manasseh would receive the double-portion of Joseph’s material legacy of wealth and power. As long as Britain remained predominant, America could never enjoy Joseph’s prominence of wealth and power. This may explain why Britain had to diminish, for a time, so America could receive Manasseh’s inheritance, becoming, in his season, prevalent in material blessings.

Now, however,America’s position is also weakened. Manasseh is experiencing its share of Jacob’s Trouble. America has been attacked in its very edifices of wealth and power, the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, symbolic of the way its economic and military resources are being drained by its “War on Terror”! It is Ephraim-Britain that has proved to be the primary ally of his brother Manasseh. America’s economic strength is now being affected by a huge deficit, and the dollar which for years has been the symbol of the strongest economy, is now weak against a strong British pound and other currencies.

It may be true that America has, in recent years, led the way in technology, innovation and living standards. But most Americans believe they are still ‘ahead of the game’, and are oblivious of the fact that they have been slipping backward in recent years, whilst others, especially in Britain and Europe, have been catching up. Whilst it may be true that the average American wage is still higher, there is now a greater parity of living standards in Britain and America. Britain, in recent years, has taken a leading role in telecommunications, interactive television, digital technology, and other ground-breaking technological, scientific, genetic and medical developments. Britain played a significant part in pioneering supersonic aircraft, and now the super jumbo jet, which could revolutionise air-travel. These, and many other factors, perhaps point to a shift in the tilt of the Anglo-American power balance. In any event “the powers that be are ordained of God”!

With the greatest respect and honour to those Americans, who fought or gave their lives in two World Wars, it cannot be denied, as a fact of history, that Great Britain and its Commonwealth allies fought a substantial part of two World Wars prior to U.S. involvement. As one writer states: “The first and second World Wars were won by Britain and her daughters, with the U.S.A. assisting and assuring victory AFTER the trend of the struggle had been decided in both cases”.

The British R.A.F., with Commonwealth support, defending the British Isles against the axis-powers’ air attack, fought and won the Battle of Britain in 1940. There is no parallel in modem history! It was the major turning-pointof World War II (see 1Chronicles 17:9-10).

It is to be noted that when the United States did join the war effort, they did so, not as individual states, but as a SINGLE nation or people (MANASSEH) – joining forces with an alliance of nations – Great Britain and the Commonwealth of Nations (EPHRAIM) (Deuteronomy 33:17).

The initial, decisive role played by the British-Commonwealth Alliance of Nations all giving allegiance to the British Crown – the Throne of David – in the two greatest Wars of human history – as well as all the other facts mentioned – are undeniable proofs of the identity of Great Britain and the Commonwealth as EPHRAIM, the firstborn of birthright Israel!

Great Britain may no longer have its Empire, but the extent of its role in world affairs should not be underestimated! It has been argued that influence is more powerful than economic or military strength. No longer the most ‘powerful’ nation, economically or militarily, Britain’s historic political, commercial and territorial connections ensure that it is powerful in terms of influence. Indeed, it is fair to say that its influence, including its military, intelligence and diplomatic involvement in so many parts of the world, stretches far beyond Europe, the Commonwealth, and the Anglo-American alliance, and is in some respects, perhaps second to none.

The FACTS of history cannot be rewritten, neither can the roles of its two main players be reversed, but rather they serve to demonstrate how GOD has, so faithfully and precisely, honoured His Word!

There are numerous other reasons that could be given, in support of the position that Britain is Ephraim and America is Manasseh, but I believe an honest assimilation of the points made, will verify the position beyond dispute.

It is not without significance that it is the British Flag, the Union Jack – signifying the Union of Jacob – that has the diagonal cross at its centre, symbolic of Jacob’s crossed hands, which affirmed the role to be fulfilled by Ephraim! The British Flag is the symbol of Ephraim’s Blessing – it’s Ephraim’s Flag! Would God have given Ephraim’s Flag to Manasseh? If America is Ephraim, why doesn’t it have Ephraim’s Flag?

Even the name ‘BRIT-ISH’ derives from the Hebrew meaning ‘Covenant-Man’!

Reference could also be made to the location of the Throne of David in Great Britain, which is, in itself, essential to the distinctive role of EPHRAIM-BRITAIN as the heartland of the Birthright COMPANY OF NATIONS! According to Hebrew scholarship, the name “Ephraim” denotes ‘aristocracy’. It is GREAT BRITAIN that has an aristocracy – not America!

Without doubt, that which above all, gives Ephraim- Britain precedence is its THRONE! Its cohesive influence, and the respect and loyalty it commands both within and beyond the Commonwealth, represents perhaps the greatest influence and stabilising factor in the modern world. Concerning that Throne, God said there would always be a descendant of David to occupy the throne of the house of Israel (Jeremiah 33:17).The British Throne is the Throne of the house of Israel. Some concede the Throne is in Britain, yet seemingly believe the chief tribe and nucleus of the house of Israel is across the ocean on another Continent! Without doubt, there is a significant representation of Israel in America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, Northwest Europe and other lands. But equally without doubt, the nucleus of the designated firstborn of Israel is located where the throne is, reigning not only over Israel in the Isles, but over all the other branches of the house of Israel, who still give allegiance to that Throne!

I should add, allegiance is to the Throne, and what it represents. The Royal Family is fallible, like the rest of us. But what that Throne represents is a Covenant that cannot be broken, and a Kingdom that cannot be shaken, and He shall come whose right it is, to take His Throne, as great David’s greater Son, the Messiah, Lord Jesus Christ!

In summary, to substantiate the reverse position necessitates defining the world’s greatest federal republic (U.S.A.) as a company of individual nations, whilst simultaneously denying the status of Great Britain, and the territories and realms associated with it, and with its monarchy, as a commonwealth of nations. It makes nonsense of Jacob’s placing Ephraim before Manasseh, and totally confuses their distinctive roles. It robs Ephraim of his firstborn-status, and is effectively, a blatant attempt to ‘uncross’ the hands of Jacob. Frankly, Ido not believe God will bless and anoint our preaching of the Gospel of the Kingdom, if we misrepresent it in this way!

The case for denying the role of Great Britain as Ephraim, and reversing his role with that of Manasseh cannot be made, in honesty, as from the standpoint of history, there never has been a greater power than Great Britain, which ruled, and through the Commonwealth still influences a third of the world’s population! Israel was to “spread abroad to the West, East, North and South”, a promise clearly fulfilled by Great Britain’s world-wide Commonwealth of Nations. No other Nation has fulfilled, or exceeded, the greatness of Great Britain!

Close to 100 nations joined in the celebrations of the Queen’s Jubilee on June 2nd-3rd 2002. This event has helped to awaken us to the amazing significance of the British Monarchy, as the Throne of David, a significance rooted in Israel’s history and Biblical prophecy. It was significant also – that in the 50th Year of Queen Elizabeth II – Britain hosted the Commonwealth Games, with entrants from 72 countries, all giving allegiance to the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth of Nations! We ask, what other Monarch, President or Head of State commands such an allegiance?

Is this not proof that BRITAIN-EPHRAIM, even in its present spiritual blindness, is still fulfilling a role of far greater significance than most people recognise?

It is a sad day when Anglo-Israel believers are vying like the disciples, as to “who is greatest in the Kingdom of God”.

One of the beautiful factors about a right understanding of Ephraim-Manasseh Truth is that whilst Manasseh would become a great people in his own right, Ephraim’s greatness should not give undue cause for pride, because it is a greatness vested, not in one nation as such, but in a company of nations. In this way, no single nation can say, “I am the greatest”, but God alone gets all the glory!

Essentially, we are all one people, and there are representations of both tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh on both sides of the Atlantic, though in differing proportions. All the tribes of Israel are undoubtedly represented, in varying degrees, in all the Israel nations, and therefore we all have an equally significant role to play regardless of what tribe we represent.

At the end of the day, the primary issue is that we recognise our collective Israel identity. Tribalism and narrow nationalism really has no place in God’s economy. Regardless of what part of Israel we live in, we should rejoice in the fulfilling of the plan and purpose of God, and we should glory, not in our nationhood, or even our Israelitish identity, but in the GOD of Israel- “He that glories, let him glory in the Lord”.

Hasten the day, when the Lord Jesus Christ Himself will reign, as King of Kings and Lord of Lords, and all the Kingdoms of this World become the Kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign for ever and ever!

Definitions – Encyclopedia Britannica:

U.S.A. – a federal republic of 50 states

STATE – In such countries as the United States, Australia, Nigeria, Mexico, and Brazil, the term state (or a cognate) also refers to political units not sovereign themselves, but subject to the authority of the larger state or federal union.

U.S.STATE – defined as “constituent state of the United States of America”.

CONSTITUENT – an essential part, component, element

Copyright @1994-2002 Encyclopredia Britannica, Inc.

The above definitions clarify that each State in the U.S.A. is a component part of One Federal Republic, and as such, a State cannot be defined as a “nation”. U.S. States are designated as “sub-national entities”.

AMERICA: THE LAMB WITH TWO HORNS
REVELATION 13:11-18

REVELATION 13:11-

“And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.”

America is the “Lamb with two horns”. “Two horns” symbolize “civil” and “ecclessiastical” powers, also known as the “separation of church and state”. That’s what these two horns mean. America started as a nation like a Lamb, meek and gentle; but now America acts as an authoritarian figure with a dictatorial rulership (speaks as a Dragon), and is able to devour any nation that will go against her policies and will. Not even the United Nations, can thwart her plans and decisions.
America started as a Christian nation founded on Biblical principles under Abraham Lincoln and George Washington. Now, America forbids even the reading of the Bible in schools and saying prayers to Jesus in public. It has began to remove icons of the ten commandments from every government insitution, and is now catering to the dictates of a lot of paganistic and atheistic religion. It has compromised with God’s Word, and she’s reaping a lot of recompense from God, such as the New York tragedy, the Katrina Hurricanes, and more. One day it will remove its “one nation under God” from their coins and money systems.

America started with a constitution that was founded on the Holy Scriptures. America’s Bill of Rights was pro-people and pro-God. Their bill of rights include the following rights and privileges:
Freedom of religion | Freedom of speech | Freedom of the press | Freedom to assemble | Freedom to petition the government | Freedom to bear arms | Protection from quartering soldiers | Protection from unreasonable search and seizure | Freedom from double jeopardy | Right to a speedy trial | Right to face an accuser | Protection against self incrimination | Right to trial by jury | Protection from excessive bails and fines | Protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
Yet how many of these rights are still in effect today?

It seems that prayer upsets some people in America. When Minister Joe Wright was asked to open the new session of the Kansas Senate years ago, everyone was expecting the usual generalities, but this is what they heard instead:

” Heavenly Father, we come before you today to ask your forgiveness and to seek your direction and guidance. We know Your Word says, “Woe to those who call evil good”, but that is exactly what we have done. We have lost our spiritual equilibrium and reversed our values. We confess that. We have ridiculed the absolute truth of Your Word and called it Pluralism. We have exploited the poor and called it the lottery. We have rewarded laziness and called it welfare.
We have killed our unborn and called it choice. We have shot abortionists and called it justifiable. We have neglected to discipline our children and called it building self-esteem. We have abused power and called it politics.
We have coveted our neighbor’s possessions and called it ambition.
We have polluted the air with profanity and pornography and called it freedom of expression. We have ridiculed the time-honored values of our forefathers and called it enlightenment. Search us, Oh, God, and know our hearts today; cleanse us from every sin and set us free. Guide and bless these men and women who have been sent to direct us to the center of Your will and to openly ask these things in the name of Your Son, the living Savior, Jesus Christ. Amen!”

The response was immediate. A number of legislators walked out during the prayer in protest.

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